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Modelling Jets, Tori and Flares in Pulsar Wind Nebulae

Porth, Oliver and Buehler, Rolf and Olmi, Barbara and Komissarov, Serguei and Lamberts, Astrid and Amato, Elena and Yuan, Yajie and Rudy, Alexander (2017) Modelling Jets, Tori and Flares in Pulsar Wind Nebulae. Space Science Reviews, 207 (1-4). pp. 137-174. ISSN 0038-6308. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20170607-080044905

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Abstract

In this contribution we review the recent progress in the modelling of Pulsar Wind Nebulae (PWN). We start with a brief overview of the relevant physical processes in the magnetosphere, the wind-zone and the inflated nebula bubble. Radiative signatures and particle transport processes obtained from 3D simulations of PWN are discussed in the context of optical and X-ray observations. We then proceed to consider particle acceleration in PWN and elaborate on what can be learned about the particle acceleration from the dynamical structures called GwispsG observed in the Crab nebula. We also discuss recent observational and theoretical results of gamma-ray flares and the inner knot of the Crab nebula, which had been proposed as the emission site of the flares. We extend the discussion to GeV flares from binary systems in which the pulsar wind interacts with the stellar wind from a companion star. The chapter concludes with a discussion of solved and unsolved problems posed by PWN.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11214-017-0344-xDOIArticle
https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11214-017-0344-xPublisherArticle
https://arxiv.org/abs/1703.05184arXivDiscussion Paper
http://rdcu.be/tipHPublisherFree ReadCube access
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Porth, Oliver0000-0002-4584-2557
Lamberts, Astrid0000-0001-8740-0127
Additional Information:© 2017 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht. Received: 12 December 2016. Accepted: 8 March 2017. Published online: 22 March 2017. OP is supported by the ERC synergy grant “BlackHoleCam: imaging the Event Horizon of Black Holes” (Grant No. 610058). BO acknowledges support from the INFN—TEONGRAV initiative (local PI: Luca Del Zanna) and from the University of Florence grant “Fisica dei plasmi relativistici: toeria e applicazioni moderne”. Support for AL was provided by an Alfred P. Sloan Research Fellowship, NASA ATP Grant NNX14AH35G and NSF Collaborative Research Grant 1411920 and CAREER grant 1455342.
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
European Research Council (ERC)610058
Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN)UNSPECIFIED
University of FlorenceUNSPECIFIED
Alfred P. Sloan FoundationUNSPECIFIED
NASANNX14AH35G
NSFAST-1411920
NSFAST-1455342
Issue or Number:1-4
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20170607-080044905
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20170607-080044905
Official Citation:Porth, O., Buehler, R., Olmi, B. et al. Space Sci Rev (2017) 207: 137. doi:10.1007/s11214-017-0344-x
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:77989
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Ruth Sustaita
Deposited On:07 Jun 2017 16:06
Last Modified:09 Mar 2020 13:19

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