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The Emergence of a Coupled Quantum Dot Array in a Doped Silicon Nanowire Gated by Ultrahigh Density Top Gate Electrodes

Xu, Ke and Green, Jonathan E. and Heath, J. R. and Remacle, F. and Levine, R. D. (2007) The Emergence of a Coupled Quantum Dot Array in a Doped Silicon Nanowire Gated by Ultrahigh Density Top Gate Electrodes. Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 111 (48). pp. 17852-17860. ISSN 1932-7447. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20170614-082601399

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Abstract

The electrical characteristics of Si nanowire gated by an array of very closely spaced nanowire gate electrodes are experimentally determined and theoretically modeled. Qualitative and quantitative changes in the transport characteristics of these devices, as a function of gate-array voltage, are described. Experiments are reported for two widths of Si nanowires, 40 and 17 nm, and for a varying number of gate electrodes, all spaced at a pitch of 33 nm. We find that these top nanowire gate electrodes can be utilized to locally deplete the carriers in the underlying Si nanowire and thus define an array of coupled quantum dots along the nanowire. Reproducible Coulomb blockade is observed, and clear diamond features are obtained when the conductance is plotted in the plane of the source-drain and gate voltages. The regularity of the diamond diagrams is imposed by the regularity of the SNAP top gate electrodes. Model computations of the electronic structure starting from a tight-biding Hamiltonian in the atomic basis suggest that the control made possible by the top gate voltage induces the emergence (and reversible submergence) of a coupled quantum dot structure in an otherwise homogenously doped Si nanowire.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jp071353oDOIArticle
http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/jp071353oPublisherArticle
http://pubs.acs.org/doi/suppl/10.1021/jp071353oPublisherSupporting Information
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Heath, J. R.0000-0001-5356-4385
Additional Information:© 2007 American Chemical Society. Received 16 February 2007. Published online 17 August 2007. Published in print 1 December 2007. This article is dedicated to the memory of Richard E. Smalley. Rick was a spectacular scientist, an inspirational teacher, a visionary leader, and a wonderful friend. The experiment−theory collaboration is supported by the U.S.−Israel Binational Science Foundation, BSF, Jerusalem, Israel. J.R.H. acknowledges primary support from the Department of Energy (DOE) and partial support from the MARCO Center for Advanced Structures and Devices. F.R. is Directeur de Recherches, FNRS, Belgium. R.D.L. and F.R. thank the EC FET-Open STREP project MOLDYNLOGIC.
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Binational Science Foundation (USA-Israel)UNSPECIFIED
Department of Energy (DOE)UNSPECIFIED
Microelectronics Advanced Research Corporation (MARCO)UNSPECIFIED
Fonds de la Recherche Scientifique (FNRS)UNSPECIFIED
European CommissionMOLDYNLOGIC
Issue or Number:48
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20170614-082601399
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20170614-082601399
Official Citation:The Emergence of a Coupled Quantum Dot Array in a Doped Silicon Nanowire Gated by Ultrahigh Density Top Gate Electrodes Ke Xu, Jonathan E. Green, J. R. Heath, F. Remacle, and R. D. Levine The Journal of Physical Chemistry C 2007 111 (48), 17852-17860 DOI: 10.1021/jp071353o
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:78192
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Ruth Sustaita
Deposited On:14 Jun 2017 16:41
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 18:06

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