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HST Imaging of the Brightest z ~ 8–9 Galaxies from UltraVISTA: The Extreme Bright End of the UV Luminosity Function

Stefanon, Mauro and Labbé, Ivo and Bouwens, Rychard J. and Brammer, Gabriel B. and Oesch, Pascal and Franx, Marijn and Fynbo, Johan P. U. and Milvang-Jensen, Bo and Muzzin, Adam and Illingworth, Garth D. and Le Fèvre, Olivier and Caputi, Karina I. and Holwerda, Benne W. and McCracken, Henry J. and Smit, Renske and Magee, Dan (2017) HST Imaging of the Brightest z ~ 8–9 Galaxies from UltraVISTA: The Extreme Bright End of the UV Luminosity Function. Astrophysical Journal, 851 (1). Art. No. 43. ISSN 1538-4357. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20170628-104503624

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Abstract

We report on the discovery of three especially bright candidate z_(phot) ≳ 8 galaxies. Five sources were targeted for follow-up with the Hubble Space Telescope (HST)/Wide Field Camera 3 (WFC3), selected from a larger sample of 16 bright (24.8 ≾ H ≾ 25.5 mag) candidate z ≳ 8 Lyman break galaxies (LBGs) identified over 1.6 degrees^2 of the COSMOS/UltraVISTA field. These were selected as Y and J dropouts by leveraging the deep (Y-to-K_s ~ 25.3-24.8 mag, 5σ) NIR data from the UltraVISTA DR3 release, deep ground-based optical imaging from the CFHTLS and Suprime-Cam programs, and Spitzer/IRAC mosaics combining observations from the SMUVS and SPLASH programs. Through the refined spectral energy distributions, which now also include new HyperSuprimeCam g-, r-, i-, z-, and Y-band data, we confirm that 3/5 galaxies have robust z_(phot) ~ 8.0-8.7, consistent with the initial selection. The remaining 2/5 galaxies have a nominal z_(phot) ~ 2. However, with HST data alone, these objects have increased probability of being at z ~ 9. We measure mean UV continuum slopes β = -1.74 ± 0.35 for the three z ~ 8-9 galaxies, marginally bluer than similarly luminous z ~ 4-6 in CANDELS but consistent with previous measurements of similarly luminous galaxies at z ~ 7. The circularized effective radius for our brightest source is 0.9 ± 0.3 kpc, similar to previous measurements for a bright z ~ 11 galaxy and bright z ~ 7 galaxies. Finally, enlarging our sample to include the six brightest z ~ 8 LBGs identified over UltraVISTA (i.e., including three other sources from Labbé et al.) we estimate for the first time the volume density of galaxies at the extreme bright end (M_(UV) ~ -22 mag) of the z ~ 8 UV luminosity function. Despite this exceptional result, the still large statistical uncertainties do not allow us to discriminate between a Schechter and a double-power-law form.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/aa9a40DOIArticle
http://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.3847/1538-4357/aa9a40/metaPublisherArticle
http://arxiv.org/abs/1706.04613arXivDiscussion Paper
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Stefanon, Mauro0000-0001-7768-5309
Bouwens, Rychard J.0000-0002-4989-2471
Brammer, Gabriel B.0000-0003-2680-005X
Oesch, Pascal0000-0001-5851-6649
Franx, Marijn0000-0002-8871-3026
Fynbo, Johan P. U.0000-0002-8149-8298
Milvang-Jensen, Bo0000-0002-2281-2785
Muzzin, Adam0000-0002-9330-9108
Caputi, Karina I.0000-0001-8183-1460
Holwerda, Benne W.0000-0002-4884-6756
McCracken, Henry J.0000-0002-9489-7765
Smit, Renske0000-0001-8034-7802
Additional Information:© 2017 The American Astronomical Society. Received 2017 June 14; revised 2017 November 8; accepted 2017 November 9; published 2017 December 11. The authors would like to thank the referee for their careful reading of the manuscript and for providing constructive comments that helped improving the quality of the paper. M.S. would like to thank Pieter van Dokkum, Jorryt Matthee, and Corentin Schreiber for useful discussion. K.I.C. acknowledges funding from the European Research Council through the award of the Consolidator Grant ID 681627-BUILDUP. Based on data products from observations made with ESO Telescopes at the La Silla Paranal Observatory under ESO program ID 179.A-2005 and on data products produced by TERAPIX and the Cambridge Astronomy Survey Unit on behalf of the UltraVISTA consortium. Based in part on data collected at the Subaru Telescope and retrieved from the HSC data archive system, which is operated by Subaru Telescope and Astronomy Data Center at National Astronomical Observatory of Japan. The Hyper Suprime-Cam (HSC) collaboration includes the astronomical communities of Japan and Taiwan, and Princeton University. The HSC instrumentation and software were developed by the National Astronomical Observatory of Japan (NAOJ), the Kavli Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe (Kavli IPMU), the University of Tokyo, the High Energy Accelerator Research Organization (KEK), the Academia Sinica Institute for Astronomy and Astrophysics in Taiwan (ASIAA), and Princeton University. Funding was contributed by the FIRST program from Japanese Cabinet Office, the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT), the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS), Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST), the Toray Science Foundation, NAOJ, Kavli IPMU, KEK, ASIAA, and Princeton University. This paper makes use of software developed for the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope. We thank the LSST Project for making their code available as free software at http://dm.lsst.org. The Pan-STARRS1 Surveys (PS1) have been made possible through contributions of the Institute for Astronomy, the University of Hawaii, the Pan-STARRS Project Office, the Max-Planck Society and its participating institutes, the Max Planck Institute for Astronomy, Heidelberg, and the Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics, Garching, The Johns Hopkins University, Durham University, the University of Edinburgh, Queens University Belfast, the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, the Las Cumbres Observatory Global Telescope Network Incorporated, the National Central University of Taiwan, the Space Telescope Science Institute, the National Aeronautics, and Space Administration under Grant No. NNX08AR22G issued through the Planetary Science Division of the NASA Science Mission Directorate, the National Science Foundation under Grant No. AST-1238877, the University of Maryland, and Eotvos Lorand University (ELTE) and the Los Alamos National Laboratory. Based on observations obtained with MegaPrime/MegaCam, a joint project of CFHT and CEA/IRFU, at the Canada–France–Hawaii Telescope (CFHT) which is operated by the National Research Council (NRC) of Canada, the Institut National des Science de l'Univers of the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS) of France, and the University of Hawaii. This work is based in part on data products produced at Terapix available at the Canadian Astronomy Data Centre as part of the Canada–France–Hawaii Telescope Legacy Survey, a collaborative project of NRC and CNRS. This research has made use of the NASA/ IPAC Infrared Science Archive, which is operated by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, under contract with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. This research has benefited from the SpeX Prism Spectral Libraries, maintained by Adam Burgasser at http://pono.ucsd.edu/~adam/browndwarfs/spexprism.
Group:SPLASH, COSMOS
Subject Keywords:galaxies: evolution – galaxies: formation – galaxies: high-redshift – galaxies: luminosity function, mass function
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20170628-104503624
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20170628-104503624
Official Citation:Mauro Stefanon et al 2017 ApJ 851 43
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:78644
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Joy Painter
Deposited On:28 Jun 2017 17:57
Last Modified:08 Feb 2018 16:06

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