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A study on the uncertainties of the centroid depth of the 2013 Lushan earthquake from teleseimic body wave data

Chen, Weiwen and Wang, Decai and Wei, Shengji (2013) A study on the uncertainties of the centroid depth of the 2013 Lushan earthquake from teleseimic body wave data. Earthquake Science, 26 (3-4). pp. 161-168. ISSN 1674-4519. doi:10.1007/s11589-013-0042-z.

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Centroid depth of earthquakes is essential for seismic hazard mitigation. But, various studies provided different solutions for the centroid depth of the damaging 2013 Lushan earthquake, thus hindering further studies of the earthquake processes. To resolve its centroid depth and assess the uncertainties, we apply the teleseismic cut and paste method to invert for centroid depth with teleseismic body waves in the epicentral distance of 30°–90°. We performed the inversion for P waves only as well the case of both P and SH waves and found that both cases lead to depth solutions with difference less than 0.5 km. We also investigated the effects on depth inversion from azimuth gap of seismic stations, source duration, and corner frequency of filter. These various tests show that even azimuthal distribution of seismic stations is helpful for accurate depth inversion. It is also found that estimate of centroid depth is sensitive to source duration. Moreover, the depth is biased to larger values when corner frequency of low-pass filter is very low. The uncertainty in the velocity model can also generate some error in the depth estimation (~1.0 km).With all the above factors considered, the centroid depth of Lushan earthquake is proposed to be around 12 km, with uncertainty about 2 km.

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Additional Information:© 2013 The Seismological Society of China, Institute of Geophysics, China Earthquake Administration and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. Received: 23 October 2013; Accepted: 19 November 2013; Published online: 19 December 2013. Seismic waveform data are requested from IRIS DMC. This study is supported by NSFC, CAS, and MOST.
Group:Seismological Laboratory
Funding AgencyGrant Number
National Natural Science Foundation of ChinaUNSPECIFIED
Chinese Academy of SciencesUNSPECIFIED
Ministry of Science and Technology (Taipei)UNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:Lushan earthquake; Centroid depth; Teleseismic body wave; Cut and paste
Issue or Number:3-4
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20170713-141710582
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Official Citation:Chen, W., Wang, D. & Wei, S. Earthq Sci (2013) 26: 161. doi:10.1007/s11589-013-0042-z
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:79095
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:13 Jul 2017 21:45
Last Modified:15 Nov 2021 17:45

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