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Core or Cusps: The Central Dark Matter Profile of a Strong Lensing Cluster with a Bright Central Image at Redshift 1

Collett, Thomas E. and Eifler, Tim F. (2017) Core or Cusps: The Central Dark Matter Profile of a Strong Lensing Cluster with a Bright Central Image at Redshift 1. Astrophysical Journal, 843 (2). Art. No. 148. ISSN 0004-637X. doi:10.3847/1538-4357/aa76e6.

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We report on SPT-CLJ2011-5228, a giant system of arcs created by a cluster at z = 1.06. The arc system is notable for the presence of a bright central image. The source is a Lyman break galaxy at z_s= 2.39 and the mass enclosed within the Einstein ring of radius 14 arcsec is ~10^(14.2) M⊙. We perform a full reconstruction of the light profile of the lensed images to precisely infer the parameters of the mass distribution. The brightness of the central image demands that the central total density profile of the lens be shallow. By fitting the dark matter as a generalized Navarro–Frenk–White profile—with a free parameter for the inner density slope—we find that the break radius is 270^(+48)_(-76) kpc, and that the inner density falls with radius to the power −0.38 ± 0.04 at 68% confidence. Such a shallow profile is in strong tension with our understanding of relaxed cold dark matter halos; dark matter-only simulations predict that the inner density should fall as r^(-1). The tension can be alleviated if this cluster is in fact a merger; a two-halo model can also reconstruct the data, with both clumps (density varying as r^(-0.8) and r^(-1.0)) much more consistent with predictions from dark matter-only simulations. At the resolution of our Dark Energy Survey imaging, we are unable to choose between these two models, but we make predictions for forthcoming Hubble Space Telescope imaging that will decisively distinguish between them.

Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription Paper
Collett, Thomas E.0000-0001-5564-3140
Eifler, Tim F.0000-0002-1894-3301
Alternate Title:Core or cusps: The central dark matter profile of a redshift one strong lensing cluster with a bright central image
Additional Information:© 2017 The American Astronomical Society. Received 2017 March 24; revised 2017 May 22; accepted 2017 May 30; published 2017 July 14. We thank the referee for their helpful comments in improving upon the original manuscript. We are grateful to Tomasso Treu and Wojciech Hellwing for fruitful discussions. T.E.C. is grateful to Matt Auger for his significant contributions to the lens modeling code used in this work. We are grateful to Marusa Bradac and Matt Auger for encouraging us to investigate the merging halo scenario. Funding for the DES Projects has been provided by the U.S. Department of Energy, the U.S. National Science Foundation, the Ministry of Science and Education of Spain, the Science and Technology Facilities Council of the United Kingdom, the Higher Education Funding Council for England, the National Center for Supercomputing Applications at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, the Kavli Institute of Cosmological Physics at the University of Chicago, the Center for Cosmology and Astro-Particle Physics at the Ohio State University, the Mitchell Institute for Fundamental Physics and Astronomy at Texas A&M University, Financiadora de Estudos e Projetos, Fundação Carlos Chagas Filho de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico and the Ministério da Ciência, Tecnologia e Inovação, the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, and the Collaborating Institutions in the Dark Energy Survey. The Collaborating Institutions are Argonne National Laboratory, the University of California at Santa Cruz, the University of Cambridge, Centro de Investigaciones Energéticas, Medioambientales y Tecnológicas-Madrid, the University of Chicago, University College London, the DES-Brazil Consortium, the University of Edinburgh, the Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule (ETH) Zürich, Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, the Institut de Ciències de l'Espai (IEEC/CSIC), the Institut de Física d'Altes Energies, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, the Ludwig-Maximilians Universität München and the associated Excellence Cluster Universe, the University of Michigan, the National Optical Astronomy Observatory, the University of Nottingham, The Ohio State University, the University of Pennsylvania, the University of Portsmouth, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Stanford University, the University of Sussex, Texas A&M University, and the OzDES Membership Consortium. The DES data management system is supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant Number AST-1138766. The DES participants from Spanish institutions are partially supported by MINECO under grants AYA2015-71825, ESP2015-88861, FPA2015-68048, SEV-2012-0234, SEV-2012-0249, and MDM-2015-0509, some of which include ERDF funds from the European Union. IFAE is partially funded by the CERCA program of the Generalitat de Catalunya. Based on observations obtained at the Gemini Observatory (processed using the Gemini IRAF package), which is operated by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy, Inc., under a cooperative agreement with the NSF on behalf of the Gemini partnership: the National Science Foundation (United States), the National Research Council (Canada), CONICYT (Chile), Ministerio de Ciencia, Tecnología e Innovación Productiva (Argentina), and Ministério da Ciência, Tecnologia e Inovação (Brazil).
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad (MINECO)AYA2015-71825
Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad (MINECO)ESP2015-88861
Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad (MINECO)FPA2015-68048
Centro de Excelencia Severo OchoaSEV-2012-0234
Centro de Excelencia Severo OchoaSEV-2012-0249
Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad (MINECO)MDM-2015-0509
Generalitat de CatalunyaUNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:dark matter – galaxies: clusters: individual (SPT-CLJ2011-5228) – galaxies: halos – gravitational lensing: strong
Issue or Number:2
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20170714-154018460
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Official Citation:Thomas E. Collett et al 2017 ApJ 843 148
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:79115
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:14 Jul 2017 23:28
Last Modified:15 Nov 2021 17:45

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