A Caltech Library Service

The Democratization of Longevity: How the Poor Became Old in Paris, 1880–1913

Kesztenbaum, Lionel and Rosenthal, Jean-Laurent (2016) The Democratization of Longevity: How the Poor Became Old in Paris, 1880–1913. In: New Approaches to Death in Cities during the Health Transition. International Studies in Population. No.12. Springer , Cham, Switzerland, pp. 137-154. ISBN 978-3-319-43001-0.

Full text is not posted in this repository. Consult Related URLs below.

Use this Persistent URL to link to this item:


In the last decades of the nineteenth century, industrialized countries saw their urban mortality fall and the end to the rural-urban mortality differentials, once vastly favourable to rural areas. This process can be linked with two broad phenomena: a rise in income and improved sanitation. Here we focus on income and take advantage of the unusual quantity, quality, and variety of statistics computed by the statistical department of the Paris municipality from 1880 to 1914. The difference between the best and worst neighbourhoods (quartiers) in Paris in life expectancy is over 10 years in life expectancy. To explain such huge mortality differentials between neighbourhoods, we add information on income and wealth from fiscal records, the distribution on rental values for each neighbourhood. We document that the disparities in mortality between neighbourhoods were strongly related these income indicators. Over time, mortality fell partly because income increases and partly because of a change of the mortality income relationship.

Item Type:Book Section
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
Additional Information:© 2016 Springer International Publishing Switzerland. First Online: 15 November 2016.
Series Name:International Studies in Population
Issue or Number:12
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20170719-082042117
Persistent URL:
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:79189
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:19 Jul 2017 16:39
Last Modified:15 Nov 2021 17:46

Repository Staff Only: item control page