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Shear-Mediated Crystallization of Isotactic Polypropylene: The Role of Long Chain−Long Chain Overlap

Seki, Motohiro and Thurman, Derek W. and Oberhauser, James P. and Kornfield, Julia A. (2002) Shear-Mediated Crystallization of Isotactic Polypropylene: The Role of Long Chain−Long Chain Overlap. Macromolecules, 35 (7). pp. 2583-2594. ISSN 0024-9297. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20170720-083352229

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Abstract

The role of long chains in shear-mediated crystallization was studied by in situ rheo-optical measurements and ex situ microscopic observations. To elucidate the effects of long chains, we prepared model blends in which fractionated isotactic polypropylene (iPP) (denoted L-PP) with high molecular weight (MW) and narrow molecular weight distribution was blended with a metallocene iPP (Base-PP) with lower molecular weight. The concentration of L-PP (c) was varied ranging from 0 to twice the concentration (c*) at which L-PP coils overlap. The crystallization of all blends after cessation of transient shearing was accelerated, while the quiescent crystallization kinetics were not affected by the addition of L-PP. A distinctive change in the development of birefringence after shearing was observed when the wall shear stress (σw) exceeded a critical value (σ*). Below σ*, irrespective of c, the birefringence after transient shearing increased gradually, reaching a small value at the end of crystallization. Above σ*, a brief interval of shear induced highly oriented growth, manifested in the birefringence after cessation of flow and growing stronger and reaching a large value as crystallization proceeded. Further, the rate of growth of the birefringence exhibited a strong, nonlinear c dependence. The morphology of the skin layer showed a shish kebab type structure observed by TEM for samples subjected to stresses above σ*. The number density and thickness of shish were affected by c and changed drastically at c near the overlap concentration of the long chains. This indicates that the role of long chains in shear-induced oriented crystallization is cooperative (rather than a single chain effect), enhanced by long chain−long chain overlap.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ma011359qDOIArticle
http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/ma011359qPublisherArticle
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Kornfield, Julia A.0000-0001-6746-8634
Additional Information:© 2002 American Chemical Society. Received 30 July 2001. Published online 28 February 2002. Published in print 1 March 2002. Financial support was provided by the National Science Foundation (DMR-9901403).
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
NSFDMR-9901403
Issue or Number:7
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20170720-083352229
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20170720-083352229
Official Citation:Shear-Mediated Crystallization of Isotactic Polypropylene:  The Role of Long Chain−Long Chain Overlap Motohiro Seki, Derek W. Thurman, James P. Oberhauser, and Julia A. Kornfield Macromolecules 2002 35 (7), 2583-2594 DOI: 10.1021/ma011359q
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:79236
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Ruth Sustaita
Deposited On:20 Jul 2017 18:26
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 18:17

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