CaltechAUTHORS
  A Caltech Library Service

CSF Biomarker Levels of Aß40 and TAU/Aß 42 Correspond to Neuropsychological Outcome in Chronic TBI Participants

Puccio, Ava and Ikonomovic , Milos and Beers, Sue and Edelman, Kathryn and Benson, Steven and Chang, Yuefang and Schneider, Walter and Mountz, James and Okonkwo, David (2017) CSF Biomarker Levels of Aß40 and TAU/Aß 42 Correspond to Neuropsychological Outcome in Chronic TBI Participants. Journal of Neurotrauma, 34 (13). A27. ISSN 0897-7151. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20170720-120703514

[img] PDF - Published Version
See Usage Policy.

57Kb

Use this Persistent URL to link to this item: https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20170720-120703514

Abstract

Objectives: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) involves axonal injury and accumulation of pathological protein aggregates including amyloid-β (Aβ) and hyperphosphorylated tau (p-tau). Biomarker analysis of tau and Aβ concentrations in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) may be an objective marker of cognitive status after TBI. The goal of the current study was to analyze tau and Aβ 40–42 in a cohort of military and civilian participants with chronic deficits secondary to TBI, and correlate neuropsychological outcome data with concentrations of tau and Aβ42 measured in CSF from the same subjects. Methods: 19 chronic TBI participants ( > 6 months from injury; 16 males, mean age 41yrs, 8 military veterans and 11 civilians) underwent lumbar puncture as well as neuropsychological testing. CSF was analyzed for concentrations of total tau, Aβ1-42 (Aβ42) and Aβ1-40 (Aβ40) by ELISA, and tau/Aβ42 ratio was calculated. The neuropsychological test battery included measures of memory, processing speed and executive function: California Verbal Learning Test-II (CVLT) Short and Long Delay Free Recall (SDFR, LDFR), Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale Working Memory Index (WAIS IV) and Trail Making Test Part A/B. Nonparametric correlation (Spearman rho, ρ) was used to relate CSF levels to neuropsychological data, controlling for age. Results: CSF tau/Aβ42 ratio was inversely associated with Trails B (Spearman p > −0.49, p < 0.047). CSF Aβ40 concentration was inversely correlated with CVLT SDFR and LDFR (Spearman p > −0.51, p < 0.032; p > −0.50, p < 0.034, respectively). There were no significant correlations between CSF biomarker levels and WAIS neuropsychological measures. Conclusions: In chronic TBI, neuropsychological outcome on measures of memory and executive function (CVLT and Trails B) corresponded to CSF biomarkers of tau and Aβ concentrations. Additional studies with a larger cohort of TBI participants are needed to draw meaningful conclusions. The use of CSF biomarkers in ongoing studies will allow us to test more specific hypotheses regarding the link between TBI and chronic neurodegenerative conditions such as chronic traumatic encephalopathy.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://online.liebertpub.com/doi/pdfplus/10.1089/neu.2017.29011.abstractsPublisherArticle
http://online.liebertpub.com/doi/full/10.1089/neu.2017.29011.abstractsPublisherArticle
Additional Information:© 2017 Mary Ann Liebert.
Subject Keywords:chronic TBI, amyloid B, tau, neuropsychological outcome
Issue or Number:13
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20170720-120703514
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20170720-120703514
Official Citation:Journal of Neurotrauma. July 2017, 34(13): A-1-A-163. https://doi.org/10.1089/neu.2017.29011.abstracts
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:79251
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Ruth Sustaita
Deposited On:20 Jul 2017 19:44
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 18:18

Repository Staff Only: item control page