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Wavefront shaping with disorder-engineered metasurfaces

Jang, Mooseok and Horie, Yu and Shibukawa, Atsushi and Brake, Joshua and Liu, Yan and Kamali, Seyedeh Mahsa and Arbabi, Amir and Ruan, Haowen and Faraon, Andrei and Yang, Changhuei (2018) Wavefront shaping with disorder-engineered metasurfaces. Nature Photonics, 12 (2). pp. 84-90. ISSN 1749-4885. PMCID PMC5842956. doi:10.1038/s41566-017-0078-z.

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Recently, wavefront shaping with disordered media has demonstrated optical manipulation capabilities beyond those of conventional optics, including extended volume, aberration-free focusing and subwavelength focusing. However, translating these capabilities to useful applications has remained challenging as the input–output characteristics of the disordered media (P variables) need to be exhaustively determined via O(P) measurements. Here, we propose a paradigm shift where the disorder is specifically designed so its exact input–output characteristics are known a priori and can be used with only a few alignment steps. We implement this concept with a disorder-engineered metasurface, which exhibits additional unique features for wavefront shaping such as a large optical memory effect range in combination with a wide angular scattering range, excellent stability, and a tailorable angular scattering profile. Using this designed metasurface with wavefront shaping, we demonstrate high numerical aperture (NA > 0.5) focusing and fluorescence imaging with an estimated ~2.2 × 10⁸ addressable points in an ~8 mm field of view.

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URLURL TypeDescription ReadCube access CentralArticle Paper
Jang, Mooseok0000-0003-1977-9539
Horie, Yu0000-0001-7083-1270
Brake, Joshua0000-0002-5113-6886
Liu, Yan0000-0002-5837-4908
Kamali, Seyedeh Mahsa0000-0002-6968-811X
Arbabi, Amir0000-0001-8831-7552
Ruan, Haowen0000-0002-4917-4509
Faraon, Andrei0000-0002-8141-391X
Yang, Changhuei0000-0001-8791-0354
Alternate Title:Complex wavefront engineering with disorder-engineered metasurfaces
Additional Information:© 2018 Macmillan Publishers Limited, part of Springer Nature. Received: 01 July 2017; Accepted: 30 November 2017; Published online: 15 January 2018. This work was supported by the National Institutes of Health BRAIN Initiative (U01NS090577), the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (R01AI096226), and a GIST-Caltech Collaborative Research Proposal (CG2012). Y.H. was supported by a Japan Student Services Organization (JASSO) fellowship. Y.H. and A.A. were also supported by National Science Foundation Grant 1512266 and Samsung Electronics. A.S. was supported by JSPS Overseas Research Fellowships. J.B. was supported by the National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering (F31EB021153) under a Ruth L. Kirschstein National Research Service Award and by the Donna and Benjamin M. Rosen Bioengineering Center. S.M.K. was supported by the DOE ‘Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion’ Energy Frontier Research Center funded by the US Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of Basic Energy Sciences under Award no. DE-SC0001293. The device nanofabrication was performed at the Kavli Nanoscience Institute at Caltech. Data availability: The data that support the plots within this paper and other findings of this study are available from the corresponding author upon reasonable request. Author Contributions: M.J. and Y.H. conceived the initial idea. M.J., Y.H., A.S., J.B., Y.L., H.R. and C.Y. expanded and developed the concept. M.J., Y.H. and A.S. developed theoretical modelling, designed the experiments, and analysed the experimental data. M.J. and A.S. carried out the optical focusing experiments. Y.H. performed the full-wave simulation and the design on the metasurface. A.S. performed the fluorescence imaging experiment with the help of H.R. Y.H., S.M.K. and A.A. fabricated the metasurface phase mask. Y.L. performed the measurements on the optical memory effect, the angular scattering profiles, and the stability. All authors contributed to writing the manuscript. C.Y. and A.F. supervised the project. The authors declare no competing financial interests.
Group:Kavli Nanoscience Institute, Rosen Bioengineering Center
Funding AgencyGrant Number
GIST-Caltech Research CollaborationCG2012
Japan Student Services Organization (JASSO)UNSPECIFIED
Samsung ElectronicsUNSPECIFIED
Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS)UNSPECIFIED
NIH Postdoctoral FellowshipF31EB021153
Donna and Benjamin M. Rosen Bioengineering CenterUNSPECIFIED
Department of Energy (DOE)DE-SC0001293
Issue or Number:2
PubMed Central ID:PMC5842956
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20170815-101915506
Persistent URL:
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:80414
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:15 Aug 2017 17:49
Last Modified:18 Mar 2022 19:07

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