A Caltech Library Service

Linkage Politics

Lohmann, Susanne (1996) Linkage Politics. Social Science Working Paper, 996. California Institute of Technology , Pasadena, CA. (Unpublished)

[img] PDF (sswp 996 - Aug. 1996) - Submitted Version
See Usage Policy.


Use this Persistent URL to link to this item:


I extend the basic repeated Prisoners' Dilemma to allow for the linkage of punishment strategies across issues (issue linkage) as well as decentralized third-party enforcement (player linkage). I then synthesize the concepts of issue and player linkage to develop the notion of domestic-international linkage, which allows for the linkage of trigger strategy punishments across games played over different issues by different sets of players. In a two-level game, domestic and international cooperation may be reinforced by a punishment linkage: a defection in the domestic game may trigger a breakdown of international cooperation, and vice versa. I also examine the conditions under which the incentives to cooperate are stronger at the domestic level than at the international level, and vice versa. In this case domestic-international linkage allows for the credibility surplus to spill over to the level with the credibility deficit. Finally, I provide conditions under which governments are better off delinking domestic and international issues.

Item Type:Report or Paper (Working Paper)
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription ItemPublished Version
Additional Information:Revised version. Original dated to May 1994. Earlier drafts of this paper were presented at the 1994 and 1995 conferences on ''New Games: Modelling International Relations after the Cold War" at the University of California, San Diego, the 1995 meetings of the Public Choice Society, and the 1996 meetings of the International Studies Association. James Fearon, Jeffry Frieden, David Lake, Lisa Martin, James Morrow, Paul Papayoanou, Duncan Snidal, and Arthur Stein provided insightful comments. I am deeply indebted to Robert Pahre and an anonymous referee for their detailed critique of an earlier draft. Published as Lohmann, S. (1997). Linkage politics. Journal of Conflict Resolution, 41(1), 38-67.
Group:Social Science Working Papers
Series Name:Social Science Working Paper
Issue or Number:996
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20170815-133930517
Persistent URL:
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:80423
Deposited By: Jacquelyn Bussone
Deposited On:15 Aug 2017 21:11
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 18:30

Repository Staff Only: item control page