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A polarized fast radio burst at low Galactic latitude

Petroff, E. and Kasliwal, M. and Ravi, V. (2017) A polarized fast radio burst at low Galactic latitude. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 469 (4). pp. 4465-4482. ISSN 0035-8711.

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We report on the discovery of a new fast radio burst (FRB), FRB 150215, with the Parkes radio telescope on 2015 February 15. The burst was detected in real time with a dispersion measure (DM) of 1105.6 ± 0.8 pc cm^(−3), a pulse duration of 2.8 ^(+1.2)_(−0.5)ms, and a measured peak flux density assuming that the burst was at beam centre of 0.7 ^(+0.2)_(−0.1) Jy. The FRB originated at a Galactic longitude and latitude of 24.66°, 5.28° and 25° away from the Galactic Center. The burst was found to be 43 ± 5 per cent linearly polarized with a rotation measure (RM) in the range −9 < RM < 12 rad m^(−2) (95 per cent confidence level), consistent with zero. The burst was followed up with 11 telescopes to search for radio, optical, X-ray, γ-ray and neutrino emission. Neither transient nor variable emission was found to be associated with the burst and no repeat pulses have been observed in 17.25 h of observing. The sightline to the burst is close to the Galactic plane and the observed physical properties of FRB 150215 demonstrate the existence of sight lines of anomalously low RM for a given electron column density. The Galactic RM foreground may approach a null value due to magnetic field reversals along the line of sight, a decreased total electron column density from the Milky Way, or some combination of these effects. A lower Galactic DM contribution might explain why this burst was detectable whereas previous searches at low latitude have had lower detection rates than those out of the plane.

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Petroff, E.0000-0002-9822-8008
Kasliwal, M.0000-0002-5619-4938
Ravi, V.0000-0002-7252-5485
Additional Information:© 2017 The Authors. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society. Accepted 2017 May 4. Received 2017 April 5; in original form 2017 January 6. Published: 09 May 2017. The Parkes radio telescope and the Australia Telescope Compact Array are part of the Australia Telescope National Facility, which is funded by the Commonwealth of Australia for operation as a National Facility managed by CSIRO. Parts of this research were conducted by the Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for All-sky Astrophysics (CAASTRO), through project number CE110001020 and the ARC Laureate Fellowship project FL150100148. This work was performed on the gSTAR national facility at Swinburne University of Technology. gSTAR is funded by Swinburne and the Australian Government's Education Investment Fund. Funding from the European Research Council under the European Union's Seventh Framework Programme (FP/2007-2013) / ERC Grant Agreement n. 617199 (EP). MAM and RM are supported by NSF award #1211701. Research support to IA is provided by the Australian Astronomical Observatory. The support of the Namibian authorities and of the University of Namibia in facilitating the construction and operation of H.E.S.S. is gratefully acknowledged, as is the support by the German Ministry for Education and Research (BMBF), the Max Planck Society, the German Research Foundation (DFG), the French Ministry for Research, the CNRS-IN2P3 and the Astroparticle Interdisciplinary Programme of the CNRS, the U.K. Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC), the IPNP of the Charles University, the Czech Science Foundation, the Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education, the South African Department of Science and Technology and National Research Foundation, the University of Namibia, the Innsbruck University, the Austrian Science Fund (FWF), and the Austrian Federal Ministry for Science, Research and Economy, and by the University of Adelaide and the Australian Research Council. We appreciate the excellent work of the technical support staff in Berlin, Durham, Hamburg, Heidelberg, Palaiseau, Paris, Saclay, and Namibia in the construction and operation of the equipment. This work benefited from services provided by the H.E.S.S. Virtual Organization, supported by the national resource providers of the EGI Federation. The ANTARES authors acknowledge the financial support of the funding agencies: Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), Commissariat à l’énergie atomique et aux énergies alternatives (CEA), Commission Européenne (FEDER fund and Marie Curie Program), Institut Universitaire de France (IUF), IdEx program and UnivEarthS Labex program at Sorbonne Paris Cité (ANR-10-LABX-0023 and ANR-11-IDEX-0005-02), Labex OCEVU (ANR-11-LABX-0060) and the A*MIDEX project (ANR-11-IDEX-0001-02), Région Île-de-France (DIM-ACAV), Région Alsace (contrat CPER), Région Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, Département du Var and Ville de La Seyne-sur-Mer, France; Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung (BMBF), Germany; Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN), Italy; Stichting voor Fundamenteel Onderzoek der Materie (FOM), Nederlandse organisatie voor Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek (NWO), the Netherlands; Council of the President of the Russian Federation for young scientists and leading scientific schools supporting grants, Russia; National Authority for Scientific Research (ANCS), Romania; Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad (MINECO): Plan Estatal de Investigación (refs. FPA2015-65150-C3-1-P, -2-P and -3-P, (MINECO/FEDER)), Severo Ochoa Centre of Excellence and MultiDark Consolider (MINECO), and Prometeo and Grisolía programs (Generalitat Valenciana), Spain; Ministry of Higher Education, Scientific Research and Professional Training, Morocco. We also acknowledge the technical support of Ifremer, AIM and Foselev Marine for the sea operation and the CC-IN2P3 for the computing facilities. This work made use of data supplied by the UK Swift Science Data Centre at the University of Leicester. This research has made use of data, software and/or web tools obtained from the High Energy Astrophysics Science Archive Research Center (HEASARC), a service of the Astrophysics Science Division at NASA/GSFC and of the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory’s High Energy Astrophysics Division. EP would like to thank R. Soria for Chandra data reduction advice and thank J. Hessels, R. Soria, J. van Leeuwen, and L. Connor for useful discussion. R.C.G. Chaves was funded by EU FP7 Marie Curie, grant agreement No. PIEF-GA-2012-332350.
Group:Astronomy Department
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Commonwealth of AustraliaUNSPECIFIED
Australian Research CouncilCE110001020
Australian Research CouncilFL150100148
Swinburne University of TechnologyUNSPECIFIED
Australian GovernmentUNSPECIFIED
European Research Council (ERC)617199
Australian Astronomical ObservatoryUNSPECIFIED
Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung (BMBF)UNSPECIFIED
Max Planck SocietyUNSPECIFIED
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG)UNSPECIFIED
Ministère de l'Enseignement supérieur, de la Recherche et de l'Innovation (MESRI)UNSPECIFIED
Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS)UNSPECIFIED
Institut National de Physique Nucléaire et de Physique des Particules (IN2P3)UNSPECIFIED
Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC)UNSPECIFIED
Charles UniversityUNSPECIFIED
Czech Science FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Polish Ministry of Science and Higher EducationUNSPECIFIED
South African Department of Science and TechnologyUNSPECIFIED
National Research Foundation (South Africa)UNSPECIFIED
University of NamibiaUNSPECIFIED
Innsbruck UniversityUNSPECIFIED
Fonds zur Förderung der wissenschaftlichen Forschung (FWO)UNSPECIFIED
Das Bundesministerium für Wissenschaft, Forschung und Wirtschaft (BMWFW)UNSPECIFIED
University of AdelaideUNSPECIFIED
Commissariat à l’énergie atomique et aux énergies alternatives (CEA)UNSPECIFIED
Commission EuropéenneUNSPECIFIED
Marie Curie ProgramUNSPECIFIED
Institut Universitaire de France (IUF)UNSPECIFIED
Agence Nationale pour la Recherche (ANR)ANR-10-LABX-0023
Agence Nationale pour la Recherche (ANR)ANR-11-IDEX-0005-02
Agence Nationale pour la Recherche (ANR)ANR-11-LABX-0060
Agence Nationale pour la Recherche (ANR)ANR-11-IDEX-0001-02
Région Île-de-France (DIM-ACAV)UNSPECIFIED
Région Provence-Alpes-Côte d'AzurUNSPECIFIED
Département du VarUNSPECIFIED
Ville de La Seyne-sur-MerUNSPECIFIED
Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN)UNSPECIFIED
Stichting voor Fundamenteel Onderzoek der Materie (FOM)UNSPECIFIED
Nederlandse organisatie voor Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek (NWO)UNSPECIFIED
Council of the President of the Russian FederationUNSPECIFIED
National Authority for Scientific Research (ANCS)UNSPECIFIED
Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad (MINECO)FPA2015-65150-C3-1-P
Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad (MINECO)FPA2015-65150-C3-2-P
Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad (MINECO)FPA2015-65150-C3-3-P
Severo Ochoa Centre of ExcellenceUNSPECIFIED
MultiDark ConsoliderUNSPECIFIED
Prometeo ProgramUNSPECIFIED
Grisolía ProgramUNSPECIFIED
Ministry of Higher Education, Scientific Research and Professional Training (Morocco)UNSPECIFIED
Marie Curie ProgramPIEF-GA-2012-332350
Subject Keywords:polarization, methods: data analysis, surveys, ISM: structure
Issue or Number:4
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20170901-130535440
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Official Citation:E. Petroff, S. Burke-Spolaor, E. F. Keane, M. A. McLaughlin, R. Miller, I. Andreoni, M. Bailes, E. D. Barr, S. R. Bernard, S. Bhandari, N. D. R. Bhat, M. Burgay, M. Caleb, D. Champion, P. Chandra, J. Cooke, V. S. Dhillon, J. S. Farnes, L. K. Hardy, P. Jaroenjittichai, S. Johnston, M. Kasliwal, M. Kramer, S. P. Littlefair, J. P. Macquart, M. Mickaliger, A. Possenti, T. Pritchard, V. Ravi, A. Rest, A. Rowlinson, U. Sawangwit, B. Stappers, M. Sullivan, C. Tiburzi, W. van Straten, The ANTARES Collaboration, A. Albert, M. André, M. Anghinolfi, G. Anton, M. Ardid, J.-J. Aubert, T. Avgitas, B. Baret, J. Barrios-Martí, S. Basa, V. Bertin, S. Biagi, R. Bormuth, S. Bourret, M. C. Bouwhuis, R. Bruijn, J. Brunner, J. Busto, A. Capone, L. Caramete, J. Carr, S. Celli, T. Chiarusi, M. Circella, J. A. B. Coelho, A. Coleiro, R. Coniglione, H. Costantini, P. Coyle, A. Creusot, A. Deschamps, G. De Bonis, C. Distefano, I. Di Palma, C. Donzaud, D. Dornic, D. Drouhin, T. Eberl, I. El Bojaddaini, D. Elsässer, A. Enzenhöfer, I. Felis, L. A. Fusco, S. Galatà, P. Gay, S. Geißelsöder, K. Geyer, V. Giordano, A. Gleixner, H. Glotin, T. Grégoire, R. Gracia-Ruiz, K. Graf, S. Hallmann, H. van Haren, A. J. Heijboer, Y. Hello, J. J. Hernández-Rey, J. Hößl, J. Hofestädt, C. Hugon, G. Illuminati, C.W James, M. de Jong, M. Jongen, M. Kadler, O. Kalekin, U. Katz, D. Kießling, A. Kouchner, M. Kreter, I. Kreykenbohm, V. Kulikovskiy, C. Lachaud, R. Lahmann, D. Lefèvre, E. Leonora, M. Lotze, S. Loucatos, M. Marcelin, A. Margiotta, A. Marinelli, J. A. Martínez-Mora, A. Mathieu, R. Mele, K. Melis, T. Michael, P. Migliozzi, A. Moussa, C. Mueller, E. Nezri, G. E. Păvălaş, C. Pellegrino, C. Perrina, P. Piattelli, V. Popa, T. Pradier, L. Quinn, C. Racca, G. Riccobene, K. Roensch, A. Sánchez-Losa, M. Saldaña, I. Salvadori, D. F. E. Samtleben, M. Sanguineti, P. Sapienza, J. Schnabel, T. Seitz, C. Sieger, M. Spurio, Th. Stolarczyk, M. Taiuti, Y. Tayalati, A. Trovato, M. Tselengidou, D. Turpin, C. Tönnis, B. Vallage, C. Vallée, V. Van Elewyck, D. Vivolo, A. Vizzoca, S. Wagner, J. Wilms, J. D. Zornoza, J. Zúñiga, The H.E.S.S. Collaboration, H. Abdalla, A. Abramowski, F. Aharonian, F. Ait Benkhali, A. G. Akhperjanian, T. Andersson, E. O. Angüner, M. Arrieta, P. Aubert, M. Backes, A. Balzer, M. Barnard, Y. Becherini, J. Becker Tjus, D. Berge, S. Bernhard, K. Bernlöhr, R. Blackwell, M. Böttcher, C. Boisson, J. Bolmont, P. Bordas, J. Bregeon, F. Brun, P. Brun, M. Bryan, T. Bulik, M. Capasso, S. Casanova, M. Cerruti, N. Chakraborty, R. Chalme-Calvet, R. C. G. Chaves, A. Chen, J. Chevalier, M. Chrétien, S. Colafrancesco, G. Cologna, B. Condon, J. Conrad, Y. Cui, I. D. Davids, J. Decock, B. Degrange, C. Deil, J. Devin, P. deWilt, L. Dirson, A. Djannati-Ataï, W. Domainko, A. Donath, L.O'C. Drury, G. Dubus, K. Dutson, J. Dyks, T. Edwards, K. Egberts, P. Eger, J.-P. Ernenwein, S. Eschbach, C. Farnier, S. Fegan, M. V. Fernandes, A. Fiasson, G. Fontaine, A. Förster, S. Funk, M. Füßling, S. Gabici, M. Gajdus, Y. A. Gallant, T. Garrigoux, G. Giavitto, B. Giebels, J. F. Glicenstein, D. Gottschall, A. Goyal, M.-H. Grondin, D. Hadasch, J. Hahn, M. Haupt, J. Hawkes, G. Heinzelmann, G. Henri, G. Hermann, O. Hervet, J. A. Hinton, W. Hofmann, C. Hoischen, M. Holler, D. Horns, A. Ivascenko, A. Jacholkowska, M. Jamrozy, M. Janiak, D. Jankowsky, F. Jankowsky, M. Jingo, T. Jogler, L. Jouvin, I. Jung-Richardt, M. A. Kastendieck, K. Katarzyński, D. Kerszberg, B. Khélifi, M. Kieffer, J. King, S. Klepser, D. Klochkov, W. Kluźniak, D. Kolitzus, Nu. Komin, K. Kosack, S. Krakau, M. Kraus, F. Krayzel, P. P. Krüger, H. Laffon, G. Lamanna, J. Lau, J.-P. Lees, J. Lefaucheur, V. Lefranc, A. Lemière, M. Lemoine-Goumard, J.-P. Lenain, E. Leser, T. Lohse, M. Lorentz, R. Liu, R. López-Coto, I. Lypova, V. Marandon, A. Marcowith, C. Mariaud, R. Marx, G. Maurin, N. Maxted, M. Mayer, P. J. Meintjes, M. Meyer, A. M. W. Mitchell, R. Moderski, M. Mohamed, L. Mohrmann, K. Morå, E. Moulin, T. 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ID Code:81078
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:05 Sep 2017 18:11
Last Modified:09 Mar 2020 13:19

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