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When is the Core Equivalence Theorem Valid?

Aliprantis, Charalambos D. and Burkinshaw, Owen (1989) When is the Core Equivalence Theorem Valid? Social Science Working Paper, 707. California Institute of Technology , Pasadena, CA. (Unpublished) http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20170901-160350264

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Abstract

In 1983 L. E. Jones exhibited a surprising example of a weakly Pareto optimal allocation in a two consumer pure exchange economy that failed to be supported by prices. In this example the price space is not a vector lattice (Riesz space). Inspired by Jones' example, A. Mas-Colell and S. F. Richard proved that this pathological phenomenon cannot happen when the price space is a vector lattice. In particular, they established that (under certain conditions) in a pure exchange economy the lattice structure of the price space is sufficient to guarantee the supportability of weakly Pareto optimal allocations by prices-i.e., they showed that the second welfare theorem holds true in an exchange economy whose price space is a vector lattice. In addition, C. D. Aliprantis, D. J. Brown and O. Burkinshaw have shown that when the price space of an exchange economy is a certain vector lattice, the Debreu-Scarf core equivalence theorem holds true, i.e., the sets of Walrasian equilibria and Edgeworth equilibria coincide. (An Edgeworth equilibrium is an allocation that belongs to the core of every replica economy of the original economy.) In other words, the lattice structure of the price space is a sufficient condition for avoiding the pathological situation occurring in Jones' example. This work shows that the lattice structure of the price space is also a necessary condition. That is, "optimum" allocations in an exchange economy are supported by prices (if and) only if the price space is a vector lattice. Specifically, the following converse-type result of the Debreu-Scarf core equivalence theorem is established: If in a pure exchange economy every Edgeworth equilibrium is supported by prices, then the price space is necessarily a vector lattice.


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Additional Information:Research of both authors was supported in part by a Chrysler Corporation grant to IUPUI. Published as Aliprantis, Charalambos D., and Owen Burkinshaw. "When is the core equivalence theorem valid?." Economic Theory 1, no. 2 (1991): 169-182.
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Deposited By: Jacquelyn Bussone
Deposited On:05 Sep 2017 23:15
Last Modified:06 Sep 2017 21:55

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