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The Geographical Imperatives of the Balance of Power in 3-Country Systems

Niou, Emerson M. S. and Ordeshook, Peter C. (1987) The Geographical Imperatives of the Balance of Power in 3-Country Systems. Social Science Working Paper, 660. California Institute of Technology , Pasadena, CA. (Unpublished)

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This essay extends a cooperative game-theoretic model of balance of power in anarchic international systems to include considerations of the asymmetry which geography occasions in the offensive and defensive capabilities of countries. The two substantive ideas which concern us are a formalization of the notion of a "balancer" and that of a "central power." What we show is that in stable systems, only specific countries (such as Britain in the 18th and the 19th centuries) can play the role of balancer, and that the strategic imperatives of a central country (e.g., Germany in the period 1871-1945) differ in important ways from those of "peripheral" countries.

Item Type:Report or Paper (Working Paper)
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Additional Information:Published as Niou, Emerson MS, and Peter C. Ordeshook. "The geographical imperatives of the balance of power in 3-country systems." Mathematical and computer modelling 12, no. 4-5 (1989): 519-531.
Group:Social Science Working Papers
Series Name:Social Science Working Paper
Issue or Number:660
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20170907-151136008
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Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:81249
Deposited By: Jacquelyn Bussone
Deposited On:08 Sep 2017 20:23
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 18:40

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