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Strong SH -to-Love Wave Scattering off the Southern California Continental Borderland

Yu, Chunquan and Zhan, Zhongwen and Hauksson, Egill and Cochran, Elizabeth (2017) Strong SH -to-Love Wave Scattering off the Southern California Continental Borderland. Geophysical Research Letters, 44 (20). pp. 10208-10215. ISSN 0094-8276. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20170921-124515276

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Abstract

Seismic scattering is commonly observed and results from wave propagation in heterogeneous medium. Yet deterministic characterization of scatterers associated with lateral heterogeneities remains challenging. In this study, we analyze broadband waveforms recorded by the Southern California Seismic Network and observe strongly scattered Love waves following the arrival of teleseismic SH wave. These scattered Love waves travel approximately in the same (azimuthal) direction as the incident SH wave at a dominant period of ~10 s but at an apparent velocity of ~3.6 km/s as compared to the ~11 km/s for the SH wave. Back projection suggests that this strong scattering is associated with pronounced bathymetric relief in the Southern California Continental Borderland, in particular the Patton Escarpment. Finite-difference simulations using a simplified 2-D bathymetric and crustal model are able to predict the arrival times and amplitudes of major scatterers. The modeling suggests a relatively low shear wave velocity in the Continental Borderland.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
https://doi.org/10.1002/2017GL075213DOIArticle
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2017GL075213/abstractPublisherArticle
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Yu, Chunquan0000-0001-8681-8572
Zhan, Zhongwen0000-0002-5586-2607
Hauksson, Egill0000-0002-6834-5051
Cochran, Elizabeth0000-0003-2485-4484
Additional Information:© 2017 American Geophysical Union. Received 6 AUG 2017; Accepted 29 AUG 2017; Accepted article online 21 SEP 2017; Published online 21 OCT 2017. Broadband seismic waveform data are retrieved from the Caltech/USGS SCSN (doi:10.7914/SN/CI) stored at SCEDC (doi:10.7909/C3WD3xH1). Figure 1 is prepared with the Generic Mapping Tools (Wessel et al., 2013). We appreciate the constructive reviews from Jeffery Park and Arthur Rodgers. Comments from Tom Brocher, Yuehua Zeng, Victor Tsai, and Don Helmberger help improve the manuscript. We thank Daniel Bowden for providing the tomography model in the Continental Borderland. Z. Z. and C. Y. were funded by USGS/Caltech Cooperative Agreement G14AC00109 and SCEC, which is funded by NSF EAR-1033462 and USGS G12AC20038. E. H. and C. Y. were supported by SCEC, NSF EAR-1550704 and USGS/NEHRP: G16AP00147.
Group:Seismological Laboratory
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
USGSG14AC00109
Southern California Earthquake Center (SCEC)UNSPECIFIED
NSFEAR-1033462
USGSG12AC20038
NSFEAR-1550704
USGSG16AP00147
Subject Keywords:seismic scattering; body-to-surface wave conversion; heterogeneity; California Continental Borderland
Issue or Number:20
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20170921-124515276
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20170921-124515276
Official Citation:Yu, C., Zhan, Z., Hauksson, E., & Cochran, E. S. (2017). Strong SH-to-Love wave scattering off the Southern California continental borderland. Geophysical Research Letters, 44, 10,208–10,215
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:81688
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:21 Sep 2017 19:56
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 18:45

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