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Towards properties on demand in quantum materials

Basov, D. N. and Averitt, R. D. and Hsieh, D. (2017) Towards properties on demand in quantum materials. Nature Materials, 16 (11). pp. 1077-1088. ISSN 1476-1122.

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The past decade has witnessed an explosion in the field of quantum materials, headlined by the predictions and discoveries of novel Landau-symmetry-broken phases in correlated electron systems, topological phases in systems with strong spin–orbit coupling, and ultra-manipulable materials platforms based on two-dimensional van der Waals crystals. Discovering pathways to experimentally realize quantum phases of matter and exert control over their properties is a central goal of modern condensed-matter physics, which holds promise for a new generation of electronic/photonic devices with currently inaccessible and likely unimaginable functionalities. In this Review, we describe emerging strategies for selectively perturbing microscopic interaction parameters, which can be used to transform materials into a desired quantum state. Particular emphasis will be placed on recent successes to tailor electronic interaction parameters through the application of intense fields, impulsive electromagnetic stimulation, and nanostructuring or interface engineering. Together these approaches outline a potential roadmap to an era of quantum phenomena on demand.

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Hsieh, D.0000-0002-0812-955X
Additional Information:© 2017 Macmillan Publishers Limited, part of Springer Nature. Received 12 May 2017; Accepted 22 September 2017; Published online 25 October 2017. Research at Columbia is supported by DE-FG02-00ER45799 (fundamental physics of graphene), NSF DMR1609096 (high-Tc superconductivity), ARO-W911NF-17-1-0543 (correlated oxides), AFOSR FA9550-15-1-0478 (van der Waals heterostructures), ONR N00014-15-1-2671 (graphene-based devices) and NSF-EFRI EFMA 1741660 (topological effects in graphene). D.N.B. is the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation's EPiQS Initiative Investigator through Grant GBMF4533. Additionally, research at Columbia and UCSD is supported by DE-SC0018218 (ultrafast electrodynamics of superconductors) and DE-SC0012375 (ultrafast dynamics of oxides). Research at Caltech is supported by ARO W911NF-17-1-0204 (hidden order in correlated materials), DOE DE-SC0010533 (topological superconductors). D.H. acknowledges support from the David and Lucile Packard Foundation and the Institute for Quantum Information and Matter, an NSF Physics Frontier Center (PHY-1125565) with support of the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation (GBMF1250). Additionally, research at Caltech and UCSD is supported by ARO W911NF-16-1-0361 (Floquet engineering and metastable states). The authors declare no competing financial interests.
Group:IQIM, Institute for Quantum Information and Matter
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Department of Energy (DOE)DE-FG02-00ER45799
Army Research Office (ARO)W911NF-17-1-0543
Air Force Office of Scientific Research (AFOSR)FA9550-15-1-0478
Office of Naval Research (ONR)N00014-15-1-2671
Gordon and Betty Moore FoundationGBMF4533
Department of Energy (DOE)DE-SC0018218
Department of Energy (DOE)DE-SC0012375
Army Research Office (ARO)W911NF-17-1-0204
Department of Energy (DOE)DE-SC0010533
David and Lucile Packard FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Institute for Quantum Information and Matter (IQIM)UNSPECIFIED
Gordon and Betty Moore FoundationGBMF1250
Army Research Office (ARO)W911NF-16-1-0361
Subject Keywords:Electronic properties and materials; Phase transitions and critical phenomena
Issue or Number:11
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20170922-102739878
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Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:81742
Deposited By: George Porter
Deposited On:25 Oct 2017 17:33
Last Modified:22 Aug 2019 21:28

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