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Interpretation of a Variable Reflection Nebula Associated with HBC 340 and HBC 341 in NGC 1333

Dahm, S. E. and Hillenbrand, L. A. (2017) Interpretation of a Variable Reflection Nebula Associated with HBC 340 and HBC 341 in NGC 1333. Astronomical Journal, 154 (5). Art. No. 177. ISSN 1538-3881. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20171004-152440377

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Abstract

We present multi-epoch, R-band imaging obtained from the Palomar Transient Factory of a small, fan-shaped reflection nebula in NGC 1333 that experiences prominent brightness fluctuations. Photometry of HBC 340 (K7e) and HBC 341 (M5e), a visual pair of late-type, young stellar objects lying near the apex of the nebula, demonstrates that while both are variable, the former has brightened by more than two magnitudes following a deep local minimum in 2014 September. Keck high-dispersion (R ~ 45,000–66,000), optical spectroscopy of HBC 340 suggests that the protostar is a spectroscopic binary (HBC 340Aa + HBC 340Ab). Both HBC 340 and HBC 341 exhibit strong Hα and forbidden line emission, consistent with accretion and outflow. We conclude that the brightness fluctuations in the reflection nebula represent light echos produced by varying incident radiation emanating from HBC 340. The short-term variability observed in the protostar is attributed to irregular accretion activity, while correlated, dipping behavior on a several hundred day timescale may be due to eclipse-like events caused by orbiting circumstellar material. Archival Hubble Space Telescope imaging of the region reveals a second, faint (F814W ~ 20.3 mag) companion to HBC 340 that lies 1farcs02 (~235 au) east of the protostar. If associated, this probable substellar mass object (20–50 Jupiter masses), HBC 340B, is likely unrelated to the observed brightness variations. The sustained brightening of HBC 340 since late 2014 can be explained by an EXor-like outburst, the recovery from a long duration eclipse event caused by obscuring circumstellar dust, or by the gradual removal of extincting material from along the line of sight. Our analysis here favors one of the extinction scenarios.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-3881/aa89ebDOIArticle
http://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.3847/1538-3881/aa89eb/metaPublisherArticle
https://arxiv.org/abs/1709.01503arXivDiscussion Paper
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Dahm, S. E.0000-0002-2968-2418
Additional Information:© 2017 American Astronomical Society. Received 2017 June 9. Accepted 2017 August 26. Published 2017 October 5. We have made use of the Digitized Sky Surveys, which were produced at the Space Telescope Science Institute under U.S. Government grant NAG W-2166, the SIMBAD database operated at CDS, Strasbourg, France, and the 2MASS, a joint project of the University of Massachusetts and the Infrared Processing and Analysis Center (IPAC)/California Institute of Technology, funded by NASA and the National Science Foundation. This publication makes use of data products from the Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer, which is a joint project of the University of California, Los Angeles, and the Jet Propulsion Laboratory/California Institute of Technology, funded by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Some of the data presented herein were obtained at the W.M. Keck Observatory, which is operated as a scientific partnership among the California Institute of Technology, the University of California and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. The Observatory was made possible by the generous financial support of the W.M. Keck Foundation. The Pan-STARRS1 Surveys (PS1) and the PS1 public science archive have been made possible through contributions by the Institute for Astronomy, the University of Hawaii, the Pan-STARRS Project Office, the Max-Planck Society and its participating institutes, the Max Planck Institute for Astronomy, Heidelberg and the Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics, Garching, The Johns Hopkins University, Durham University, the University of Edinburgh, the Queen's University Belfast, the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, the Las Cumbres Observatory Global Telescope Network Incorporated, the National Central University of Taiwan, the Space Telescope Science Institute, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration under Grant No. NNX08AR22G issued through the Planetary Science Division of the NASA Science Mission Directorate, the National Science Foundation Grant No. AST-1238877, the University of Maryland, Eotvos Lorand University (ELTE), the Los Alamos National Laboratory, and the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation. The authors gratefully acknowledge the efforts and dedication of the W. M. Keck Observatory staff and the NASA Infrared Telescope Facility staff for their support in making the observations presented herein. S.E.D. also wishes to thank Ethan Dahm for assisting with the HIRES observations made on 2015 October 30. Finally, the authors thank Bo Reipurth who served as the referee for this paper. His insightful comments and recommendations greatly improved the manuscript.
Group:Palomar Transient Factory, Astronomy Department
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
NASANAG W-2166
NSFUNSPECIFIED
NASA/JPL/CaltechUNSPECIFIED
W. M. Keck FoundationUNSPECIFIED
NASANNX08AR22G
NSFAST-1238877
University of MarylandUNSPECIFIED
Eotvos Lorand University (ELTE)UNSPECIFIED
Los Alamos National LaboratoryUNSPECIFIED
Gordon and Betty Moore FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:stars: pre-main sequence; stars: variables: T Tauri, Herbig Ae/Be
Issue or Number:5
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20171004-152440377
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20171004-152440377
Official Citation:S. E. Dahm and L. A. Hillenbrand 2017 AJ 154 177
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:82089
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Ruth Sustaita
Deposited On:05 Oct 2017 16:48
Last Modified:09 Mar 2020 13:18

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