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White Servitude and the Growth of Black Slavery in Colonial America

Galenson, David W. (1980) White Servitude and the Growth of Black Slavery in Colonial America. Social Science Working Paper, 318. California Institute of Technology , Pasadena, CA. (Unpublished)

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The role of white servitude evolved in a similar way during the course of the American colonial period in the West Indian and southern mainland colonies. The change from primary reliance on bound white labor to the use of slaves occurred in two steps, with an initial transition from servants to slaves in unskilled field work followed some time later by widespread training of blacks and substitution of slaves for servants in skilled occupations. The timing of the two steps can be understood as a function of the changing relative costs of indentured and slave labor in the markets for unskilled and skilled labor.

Item Type:Report or Paper (Working Paper)
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Additional Information:Space limitations necessitated the omission of many of the supporting materials of this paper. The argument and evidence summarized here have been presented more fully in David Walter Galenson, "The Indenture System and the Colonial Labor Market: An Economic History of White Servitude in Colonial British America," (unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, Harvard University 1979), a revised version of which was published as Galenson, David W. White Servitude in Colonial America: An Economic Analysis. (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1981, pp. v + 291.). I am grateful to Stanley Engerman for comments on an earlier draft of this paper. Published as Galenson, David W. "White servitude and the growth of black slavery in colonial America." The Journal of Economic History 41.1 (1981): 39-47.
Group:Social Science Working Papers
Subject Keywords:Slaves, Skilled labor, Plantations, Demand for highly skilled workers, Slavery, Labor costs, Indentured servitude, Labor, Artisans, Domestic workers
Series Name:Social Science Working Paper
Issue or Number:318
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20171004-172521973
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Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:82103
Deposited By: Jacquelyn Bussone
Deposited On:12 Oct 2017 22:45
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 18:50

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