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Some Implicit Presuppositions of Typical Writings in the Field of American Intellectual History

Jones, William Thomas and Faust, William L. and Faust, Margaret S. and Mason Jones, Molly (1980) Some Implicit Presuppositions of Typical Writings in the Field of American Intellectual History. Social Science Working Paper, 355. California Institute of Technology , Pasadena, CA. (Unpublished) https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20171006-161325889

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Abstract

This paper reports a study made of some of the implicit presuppositions contained in the following materials: The Federalist, papers 10 and 51 by Madison, selections from de Tocqueville's Democracy in America; Emerson's "The American Scholar"; Melville's "Bartleby the Scrivener"; "Washington as Commander in Chief” in Bancroft's History of the United States; and "A Small Group of Men Hold in their hands the Business of this Country," a Senate speech by Robert M. LaFollette, Fifteen students at the Claremont Graduate School, who had taken a course in which these materials were studied, rated them on seven scales, or "dimensions, " each of which represents one of a contrasting pair of implicit presuppositions which we have identified and defined. At 19 of the 42 choice points at which decisions had to be made (six selections on seven dimensions) the ratings proved to be significant at p < .05 level. These results thus expand the "scope" of our set of implicit presuppositions to include new materials not previously investigated. In short, it has been shown that readers who are guided by our definitions are able to agree on some of the implicit assumptions contained in a representative sample of writings in the field of American intellectual history.


Item Type:Report or Paper (Working Paper)
Group:Social Science Working Papers
Series Name:Social Science Working Paper
Issue or Number:355
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20171006-161325889
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20171006-161325889
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:82193
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Jacquelyn Bussone
Deposited On:09 Oct 2017 22:18
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 18:51

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