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Some Implicit Presuppositions Involved in the Disagreement over the DNA Guidelines

Jones, William Thomas and Faust, William L. and Faust, Margaret S. and Mason Jones, Molly (1980) Some Implicit Presuppositions Involved in the Disagreement over the DNA Guidelines. Social Science Working Paper, 354. California Institute of Technology , Pasadena, CA. (Unpublished) https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20171006-161908235

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Abstract

This paper is one of a series reporting studies we have made of differences in implicit presuppositions and of how such differences affect the ways people reason. In the study reported here 26 students (14 at Caltech; 12 at Claremont) read and rated four letters which had appeared in the correspondence columns of Science. Two of the letters defended the guidelines governing DNA research; two criticized them. The students rated the letters on six scales, or "dimensions," each of which represents a contrasting pair of implicit presuppositions, which we have identified and defined. For two of the six dimensions all four of the letters were rated in the predicted direction, and all are statistically significant. On a third dimension all four of the letters were rated in the predicted direction, but only three of the four are statistically significant. For the other three dimensions there was no consistent pattern, though some of the results on some of the dimensions were in the predicted direction and are statistically significant. Thus this study shows that in certain important respects the presuppositions of the proponents and the presupposition of the opponents of the guidelines are not only different but diametrically opposed.


Item Type:Report or Paper (Working Paper)
Additional Information:We are grateful to Margaret Mathies of the Joint Sciences Faculty at Claremont for making available to us the extensive file she has collected on the DNA controversy; we, however, are responsible for selecting the particular items used in this study and for the interpretation of them.
Group:Social Science Working Papers
Series Name:Social Science Working Paper
Issue or Number:354
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20171006-161908235
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20171006-161908235
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:82195
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Jacquelyn Bussone
Deposited On:09 Oct 2017 22:18
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 18:51

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