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Entropy production of emerging turbulent scales in a temporal supercritical n-heptane/nitrogen three-dimensional mixing layer

Okong'o, N. and Bellan, J. (2000) Entropy production of emerging turbulent scales in a temporal supercritical n-heptane/nitrogen three-dimensional mixing layer. Proceedings of the Combustion Institute, 28 (1). pp. 497-504. ISSN 1540-7489. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20171019-130158589

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Abstract

A study of emerging turbulent scales entropy production was conducted for a supercritical shear layer as a precursor to the eventual modeling of subgrid scales (SGS: from a turbulent state) leading to large eddy simulations (LES). The entropy equation was first developed for a real, non-ideal fluid using a validated all-pressure fluid model, and the entropy flux and production terms were identified. Employing a direct numerical simulation (DNS) created database of a temporal three-dimensional supercritical shear layer using the fluid model, the different contributions to the irreversible entropy production term were evaluated. Both domain averaged and root mean square (RMS) terms were computed at three different stages of the DNS, representing the timewise ascending, culmination, and descending branches of the spatially averaged positive spanwise vorticity. The unifltered and filtered databases were compared to evaluate the relative importance of irreversible entropy production from viscous, Fourier heat diffusion, and molar fluxes terms. The results show that the average entropy production is dominated by the viscous terms at all stages of the evolution: however, the contribution to the RMS of the molar flux term for both the ascending and descending branches is non-negligible. This latter result was traced to the molar gradients tending to be smeared by emerging turbulent scales. Based on this finding a physical picture of the layer evolution was presented involving competition between large scales entraining heavy fluid from the lower stream and forming strong density and mass fraction gradients at spatially varying locations with time, and small-scale turbulent structures evolving but being damped by contact with the newly formed strong density gradient regions which act similar to material surfaces. Analysis of the results showed that the primary contribution to the molar flux dissipation for both the average and the RMS is the mixture non-ideality.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
https://doi.org/10.1016/S0082-0784(00)80248-9DOIArticle
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0082078400802489?via%3DihubPublisherArticle
Additional Information:© 2000 Published by Elsevier Inc. This study was conducted at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory and sponsored jointly by the NASA Glenn Research Center with Dr. Dan Bulzan as contract monitor, the Air Force Office of Scientific Research under the direction of Dr. Julian Tishkoff, and by the Army Research Office under the direction of Dr. David Mann under an interagency agreement with NASA. The authors would like to thank Dr. Kenneth G. Harstad of the Jet Propulsion Laboratory for helpful discussions. Computational resources were provided by the supercomputing facility at JPL.
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Funding AgencyGrant Number
NASA/JPLUNSPECIFIED
Air Force Office of Scientific Research (AFOSR)UNSPECIFIED
Army Research Office (ARO)UNSPECIFIED
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20171019-130158589
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20171019-130158589
Official Citation:N. Okong'O, J. Bellan, Entropy production of emerging turbulent scales in a temporal supercritical n-heptane/nitrogen three-dimensional mixing layer, In Proceedings of the Combustion Institute, Volume 28, Issue 1, 2000, Pages 497-504, ISSN 1540-7489, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0082-0784(00)80248-9. (http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0082078400802489)
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:82502
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:19 Oct 2017 20:13
Last Modified:23 Oct 2017 23:15

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