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The Inherent Disadvantage of the Presidential Party in Midterm Congressional Elections

Calvert, Randall L. and Isaac, R. Mark (1978) The Inherent Disadvantage of the Presidential Party in Midterm Congressional Elections. Social Science Working Paper, 191. California Institute of Technology , Pasadena, CA. (Unpublished) https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20171023-105730572

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Abstract

The almost inevitable midterm election loss suffered by the president's congressional party still lacks a complete explanation. It is argued here that the policy positions of the president help shape voters' perceptions of the positions of congressional candidates. Because the president implements policies before the midterm campaign begins, and because he has goals apart from winning seats in Congress, his party's candidates are at a disadvantage, relative to their opponents, in communicating the most favorable positions possible to their voters. This model of the midterm campaign not only explains midterm losses, but also accounts for rare failures of this phenomenon, as occurred in 1934.


Item Type:Report or Paper (Working Paper)
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http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20171025-154913799Related ItemPublished Version
Additional Information:Revised. We wish to thank Professor Morris Fiorina for his valuable assistance and encouragement. Published as Calvert, Randall L., and R. Mark Isaac. "The inherent disadvantage of the presidential party in midterm congressional elections." Public Choice 36.1 (1981): 141-146.
Group:Social Science Working Papers
Subject Keywords:political conventions, presidents, elections, voting, political candidates
Series Name:Social Science Working Paper
Issue or Number:191
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20171023-105730572
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20171023-105730572
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:82581
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Jacquelyn Bussone
Deposited On:24 Oct 2017 21:25
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 18:56

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