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Turbulence and fluid-front area production in binary-species, supercritical, transitional mixing layers

Okong’o, N. and Bellan, J. (2004) Turbulence and fluid-front area production in binary-species, supercritical, transitional mixing layers. Physics of Fluids, 16 (5). pp. 1467-1492. ISSN 1070-6631. doi:10.1063/1.1688326.

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Databases of transitional states obtained from direct numerical simulations of temporal, supercritical mixing layers for two species systems, O_2–H_2 and C_7H_(16)–N_2, are analyzed to elucidate species-specific turbulence aspects and features of fluid disintegration. Although the evolution of all layers is characterized by the formation of high-density-gradient magnitude (HDGM) regions, due to the specified, smaller initial density stratification, the C_7H_(16)–N_2 layers display higher growth and increased global molecular mixing as well as larger turbulence levels than comparable O_2–H_2 layers. However, smaller density gradients and lower mass-fraction gradients at the transitional state for the O_2–H_2 system indicate that on a local basis, the layer exhibits an enhanced mixing, this being attributed to the increased mixture solubility and to mixture near-ideality. These thermodynamic features are found responsible for a larger irreversible entropy production (dissipation) in the O_2–H_2 compared to the C_7H_(16)–N_2 layers. The largest O_2–H_2 dissipation is primarily concentrated in HDGM regions that are distortions of the initial density stratification boundary, whereas the largest C_7H_(16)–N_2 dissipation is located in HDGM regions resulting from the mixing of the two fluids. To understand fluid disintegration, the area production of a fluid front perpendicular to the mass fraction gradient is calculated in a coordinate system moving with the relative velocity between the front and the flow. On a cross-stream local basis, the C_7H_(16)–N_2 layers produce more area, and area production increases with smaller perturbation wavelengths combined with larger initial Reynolds numbers. The most active area-producing layer also exhibits the largest probability of having perpendicular vorticity and mass-fraction-gradient vectors. Analysis of the terms in the area production equation shows a large pressure-gradient-term root mean square contribution for the C_7H_(16)–N_2 layers, due to the coincidence of regions with large magnitudes of pressure gradient with HDGM regions. Such coincidence is attributed to real-gas behavior, which is species-system specific, as the alignment of the pressure gradient and density gradient is similar for both species systems. The alignment of the mass fraction gradient with the strain rate is also species-system dependent. Independent of species system and of the initial conditions, the vorticity is preferentially aligned with the intermediate strain-rate eigendirection, indicating that eddy-viscosity-type models are not adequate for turbulent supercritical mixing.

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Bellan, J.0000-0001-9218-7017
Additional Information:© 2004 American Institute of Physics. Received 4 March 2003; accepted 29 January 2004; published online 5 April 2004. This work was conducted at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL), California Institute of Technology (Caltech) and sponsored by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), Marshall Space Flight Center under the direction of Dr. John Hutt, by the Air Force Office of Scientific Research under the direction of Dr. Julian Tishkoff, and by the Army Research Office under the direction of Dr. David Mann, through interagency agreements with NASA. The computational resources were provided by the JPL Supercomputing Center. One of the authors (J.B.) would like to thank Professor Dale Pullin of Caltech for bringing Ref. 15 to her attention.
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Air Force Office of Scientific Research (AFOSR)UNSPECIFIED
Army Research Office (ARO)UNSPECIFIED
Issue or Number:5
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20171023-134912781
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Official Citation:Turbulence and fluid-front area production in binary-species, supercritical, transitional mixing layers. N. Okong’o and J. Bellan. Physics of Fluids 2004 16:5, 1467-1492
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:82591
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:24 Oct 2017 21:04
Last Modified:15 Nov 2021 19:51

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