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Exploring the impacts of regional unbalanced carbon tax on CO_2 emissions and industrial competitiveness in Liaoning province of China

Li, Zhaoling and Dai, Hancheng and Sun, Lu and Xie, Yang and Liu, Zhu and Wang, Peng and Yabar, Helmut (2018) Exploring the impacts of regional unbalanced carbon tax on CO_2 emissions and industrial competitiveness in Liaoning province of China. Energy Policy, 113 . pp. 9-19. ISSN 0301-4215. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20171102-111954285

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Abstract

Carbon tax is regarded as a useful policy instrument to achieve the environmental target efficiently. However, the effect of regional unbalanced carbon tax is still unknown. In this study, an improved two-region computable general equilibrium (CGE) model is developed to fill this research gap with Liaoning Province and the rest of China (ROC) as the study area. Business as usual (BaU) and nine carbon tax scenarios are designed. Results show that in 2030, the highest carbon tax of 221 USD/ton-CO_2 in taxC4P8 scenario in Liaoning province will lead to carbon reduction of 44.92% with the cost of 5.54% Gross Domestic Product (GDP) loss. Price effect and scale effect are the two mechanisms that affect the changes in GDP, industrial output and CO_2 emissions. Industrial structure, energy consumption and carbon intensity of Liaoning are overwhelmingly affected by the price effect. Most less energy-intensive industries belong to the winner industries due to the higher influence of domestic market. By contrast, loser industries, including most of the energy-intensive industries, are mainly affected by the changes of provincial and international markets. ROC region is mainly affected by the price effect. Suggestions about preferential developmental industries are offered to balance the environmental and economic concerns.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2017.10.048DOIArticle
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0301421517307218PublisherArticle
Additional Information:© 2017 Elsevier Ltd. Received 11 July 2017, Revised 16 October 2017, Accepted 26 October 2017, Available online 1 November 2017.
Subject Keywords:Carbon tax; Nationally determined contributions (NDCs); Computable general equilibrium model; Liaoning in China
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20171102-111954285
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20171102-111954285
Official Citation:Zhaoling Li, Hancheng Dai, Lu Sun, Yang Xie, Zhu Liu, Peng Wang, Helmut Yabar, Exploring the impacts of regional unbalanced carbon tax on CO2 emissions and industrial competitiveness in Liaoning province of China, Energy Policy, Volume 113, February 2018, Pages 9-19, ISSN 0301-4215, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2017.10.048. (https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0301421517307218)
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:82890
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:02 Nov 2017 18:59
Last Modified:02 Nov 2017 18:59

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