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The SAMI Galaxy Survey: global stellar populations on the size–mass plane

Scott, Nicholas and Brough, S. and Croom, Scott M. and Davies, Roger L. and van de Sande, Jesse and Allen, J. T. and Bland-Hawthorn, Joss and Bryant, Julia J. and Cortese, Luca and d'Eugenio, Francesco and Federrath, Christoph and Ferreras, Ignacio and Goodwin, Michael and Groves, Brent and Konstantopoulos, Iraklis and Lawrence, Jon S. and Medling, Anne M. and Moffett, Amanda J. and Owers, Matt S. and Richards, Samuel and Robotham, A. S. G. and Tonini, Chiara and Yi, Sukyoung K. (2017) The SAMI Galaxy Survey: global stellar populations on the size–mass plane. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 472 (3). pp. 2833-2855. ISSN 0035-8711.

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We present an analysis of the global stellar populations of galaxies in the SAMI (Sydney-AAO Multi-object Integral field spectrograph) Galaxy Survey. Our sample consists of 1319 galaxies spanning four orders of magnitude in stellar mass and includes all morphologies and environments. We derive luminosity-weighted, single stellar population equivalent stellar ages, metallicities and alpha enhancements from spectra integrated within one effective radius apertures. Variations in galaxy size explain the majority of the scatter in the age–mass and metallicity–mass relations. Stellar populations vary systematically in the plane of galaxy size and stellar mass, such that galaxies with high stellar surface mass density are older, more metal rich and alpha enhanced than less dense galaxies. Galaxies with high surface mass densities have a very narrow range of metallicities; however, at fixed mass, the spread in metallicity increases substantially with increasing galaxy size (decreasing density). We identify residual correlations with morphology and environment. At fixed mass and size, galaxies with late-type morphologies, small bulges and low Sérsic n are younger than early type, high n, high bulge-to-total galaxies. Both age and metallicity show small residual correlations with environment; at fixed mass and size, galaxies in denser environments or more massive haloes are older and somewhat more metal rich than those in less dense environments. We connect these trends to evolutionary tracks within the size–mass plane.

Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription Paper
Scott, Nicholas0000-0001-8495-8547
Brough, S.0000-0002-9796-1363
Croom, Scott M.0000-0003-2880-9197
Davies, Roger L.0000-0002-3324-4824
van de Sande, Jesse0000-0003-2552-0021
Bland-Hawthorn, Joss0000-0001-7516-4016
Bryant, Julia J.0000-0003-1627-9301
Cortese, Luca0000-0002-7422-9823
Groves, Brent0000-0002-9768-0246
Konstantopoulos, Iraklis0000-0003-2177-0146
Medling, Anne M.0000-0001-7421-2944
Owers, Matt S.0000-0002-2879-1663
Richards, Samuel0000-0002-5368-0068
Additional Information:© 2017 The Authors Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society. Accepted 2017 August 21. Received 2017 August 20; in original form 2017 May 18. Published: 24 August 2017. NS thanks Richard McDermid for helpful discussions and the anonymous referee for their constructive suggestions about the manuscript. The SGS is based on observations made at the Anglo-Australian Telescope. The SAMI was developed jointly by the University of Sydney and the Australian Astronomical Observatory. The SAMI input catalogue is based on data taken from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey, the GAMA Survey and the VST ATLAS Survey. The SGS is funded in part by the Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for All-sky Astrophysics (CAASTRO), through project number CE110001020, and other participating institutions. The SGS website is NS acknowledges the support of a University of Sydney Postdoctoral Research Fellowship. SB acknowledges the funding support from the Australian Research Council through a Future Fellowship (FT140101166). SMC acknowledges the support of an Australian Research Council Future Fellowship (FT100100457). RLD acknowledges travel and computer grants from Christ Church, Oxford and support from the Oxford Centre for Astrophysical Surveys that is funded by the Hintze Family Charitable Foundation. JvdS is funded under Bland-Hawthorn's ARC Laureate Fellowship (FL140100278). JTA acknowledges the award of a SIEF John Stocker Fellowship. MSO acknowledges the funding support from the Australian Research Council through a Future Fellowship (FT140100255). CF gratefully acknowledges funding provided by the Australian Research Council's Discovery Projects (grants DP150104329 and DP170100603). Support for AMM is provided by NASA through Hubble Fellowship grant #HST-HF2-51377 awarded by the Space Telescope Science Institute, which is operated by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy, Inc., for NASA, under contract NAS5-26555. AJM gratefully acknowledges funding provided by the Australian Research Council's Discovery Projects (grant DP130103505). SKY acknowledges support from the Korean National Research Foundation (NRF-2017R1A2A1A05001116). This work was supported by the UK Science and Technology Facilities Council through the ‘Astrophysics at Oxford’ grant ST/K00106X/1. This research made use of ASTROPY, a community-developed core PYTHON package for Astronomy (Astropy Collaboration, 2013,
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Australian Research CouncilCE110001020
University of SydneyUNSPECIFIED
Australian Research CouncilFT140101166
Australian Research CouncilFT100100457
Christ Church, OxfordUNSPECIFIED
Oxford Centre for Astrophysical SurveysUNSPECIFIED
Hintze Family Charitable FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Australian Research CouncilFL140100278
SIEF John Stocker FellowshipUNSPECIFIED
Australian Research CouncilFT140100255
Australian Research CouncilDP150104329
Australian Research CouncilDP170100603
NASA Hubble FellowshipHST-HF2-51377
Australian Research CouncilDP130103505
National Research Foundation of KoreaNRF-2017R1A2A1A05001116
Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC)ST/K00106X/1
Subject Keywords:galaxies: elliptical and lenticular, cD– galaxies: evolution – galaxies: formation – galaxies: spiral – galaxies: stellar content
Issue or Number:3
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20171103-084807136
Persistent URL:
Official Citation:Nicholas Scott, S. Brough, Scott M. Croom, Roger L. Davies, Jesse van de Sande, J. T. Allen, Joss Bland-Hawthorn, Julia J. Bryant, Luca Cortese, Francesco D'Eugenio, Christoph Federrath, Ignacio Ferreras, Michael Goodwin, Brent Groves, Iraklis Konstantopoulos, Jon S. Lawrence, Anne M. Medling, Amanda J. Moffett, Matt S. Owers, Samuel Richards, A. S. G. Robotham, Chiara Tonini, Sukyoung K. Yi; The SAMI Galaxy Survey: global stellar populations on the size–mass plane, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Volume 472, Issue 3, 11 December 2017, Pages 2833–2855,
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:82930
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:03 Nov 2017 17:04
Last Modified:09 Mar 2020 13:18

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