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First detections of gravitational waves emitted from binary black hole mergers

Reitze, D. H. (2017) First detections of gravitational waves emitted from binary black hole mergers. Physics-Uspekhi, 60 (8). pp. 823-829. ISSN 1063-7869. doi:10.3367/UFNe.2016.11.038176.

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The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration carried out the inaugural 'O1' observing run from September 12, 2015 through January 19, 2016 using the newly commissioned Advanced LIGO interferometers located in Hanford, WA and Livingston, LA. During the O1 run and the O2 run currently underway, three definitive detections of gravitational waves have occurred, each produced during the mergers of binary stellar mass black holes. A fourth candidate gravitational-wave event was identified, also likely produced from a binary black hole merger. The detected gravitational waveforms allow for the inference of the intrinsic astrophysical parameters of the merging binary systems, as well as the resulting black hole produced by the mergers. The first detect detections of gravitational waves confirm the existence of binary black hole systems and have profound implications for astrophysics using gravitational waves as a new and powerful probe of the universe.

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Additional Information:© 2017 Uspekhi Fizicheskikh Nauk and P N Lebedev Physics Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences. Received 7 July 2017.
Subject Keywords:gravitational waves, the general theory of relativity, laser interferometers, direct detection of gravitational waves, Advanced LIGO, Virgo
Issue or Number:8
Classification Code:PACS: 04.25.dg, 04.30.−w, 04.80.Nn, 95.55.Ym
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20171107-105551555
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Official Citation:D H Reitze 2017 Phys.-Usp. 60 823
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:83030
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:07 Nov 2017 19:00
Last Modified:12 Jul 2022 19:49

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