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Different preferences, different politics: A demand-and-structure explanation

Koford, Kenneth J. (1989) Different preferences, different politics: A demand-and-structure explanation. Western Political Quarterly, 42 (1). pp. 9-31. ISSN 0043-4078. doi:10.2307/448653.

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While Theodore Lowi's typology of issues and policies is widely agreed to distinguish different forms of legislative politics, his explanation for the categories has not been fully persuasive. This paper uses demand theory to analyze the different politics described by Lowi. Demand theory can illuminate many questions in legislative politics; it provides cardinal measures of valuation and methods of estimating those values statistically. Different distributions of political demand across legislators cause differences in legislative politics and institutional structure similar to those Lowi observed. Demand theory provides a more general theory of different types of politics and several testable differences from Lowi's typology. Evidence from case studies is analyzed and roll-call voting studies and the implications are compared with those of Lowi's theory. In several cases, where issues have become "ideological" and "redistributive" in the 1980s, the politics have changed, as the demand model predicts and Lowi's theory does not.

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Additional Information:© 1989 University of Utah. Received August 25, 1987; revision received April 20, 1988; accepted for publication April 22, 1988. Randy Calvert, Keith Krehbiel, Jerry Schneider, John Wright, the editor, and several unknown referees gave helpful comments. An earlier version was presented at the 1985 meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Formerly SSWP 640.
Subject Keywords:Legislators, Demand, Political regulation, Voting, Political parties, Economic regulation, Committees, Regulatory legislation, Political ideologies, Aggregate demand
Issue or Number:1
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20171109-170630138
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Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:83124
Deposited By: Jacquelyn Bussone
Deposited On:16 Nov 2017 21:45
Last Modified:15 Nov 2021 19:55

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