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The constituency service basis of the personal vote for U.S. Representatives and British Members of Parliament

Cain, Bruce E. and Ferejohn, John A. and Fiorina, Morris P. (1984) The constituency service basis of the personal vote for U.S. Representatives and British Members of Parliament. American Political Science Review, 78 (1). pp. 110-125. ISSN 0003-0554. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20171115-164433438

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Abstract

Under the guise of the "incumbency advantage," American research of the past decade has devoted heavy emphasis to what may be termed the @'personal vote@' in congressional elections. Is this phenomenon purely American, or is it susceptible to comparative treatment? This article contrasts the personal vote in the 1980 U.S. House elections with that in the 1979 British general election. The analysis utilizes data from surveys conducted by the Center for Political Studies and British Gallup in combination with interviews of congressional administrative assistants (AAs) and British MPs and party agents whose constituencies fall in the sampling frames of the mass surveys. The analysis finds an incumbency advantage or personal vote in Britain which is much weaker than that in the United States but of somewhat greater importance than is commonly believed. As in the United States, constituency service appears to be an important component of the personal vote.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/1961252DOIArticle
https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/american-political-science-review/article/constituency-service-basis-of-the-personal-vote-for-us-representatives-and-british-members-of-parliament/EAF9F857F7C76AA1A3F56AFD3935BF09PublisherArticle
http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20171002-144240141Related ItemWorking Paper
http://www.jstor.org/stable/1961252JSTORArticle
Additional Information:© 1984 American Political Science Association. Received: June 15, 1982; Revision received: February 1, 1983; Accepted for publication: June 6, 1983. The research reported in this article was made possible through support of the National Science Foundation (grants SOC78-15413 and SES8010662). For comments on earlier versions of this article we thank James Alt, Ivor Crewe, Gillian Peele, Richard Rose, and Graham Wilson; all were helpful, none is responsible. Formerly SSWP 439.
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
NSFSOC78-15413
NSFSES-8010662
Subject Keywords:Voting, Incumbents, Constituents, Political parties, Political science, Political candidates, Conservatism, Party identification, Congressional elections, Political elections
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20171115-164433438
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20171115-164433438
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:83246
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Jacquelyn Bussone
Deposited On:16 Nov 2017 18:23
Last Modified:16 Nov 2017 18:23

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