A Caltech Library Service

Validation of a mixture-averaged thermal diffusion model for premixed lean hydrogen flames

Schlup, Jason and Blanquart, Guillaume (2017) Validation of a mixture-averaged thermal diffusion model for premixed lean hydrogen flames. Combustion Theory and Modelling, 22 (2). pp. 264-290. ISSN 1364-7830.

Full text is not posted in this repository. Consult Related URLs below.

Use this Persistent URL to link to this item:


The mixture-averaged thermal diffusion model originally proposed by Chapman and Cowling is validated using multiple flame configurations. Simulations using detailed hydrogen chemistry are done on one-, two-, and three-dimensional flames. The analysis spans flat and stretched, steady and unsteady, and laminar and turbulent flames. Quantitative and qualitative results using the thermal diffusion model compare very well with the more complex multicomponent diffusion model. Comparisons are made using flame speeds, surface areas, species profiles, and chemical source terms. Once validated, this model is applied to three-dimensional laminar and turbulent flames. For these cases, thermal diffusion causes an increase in the propagation speed of the flames as well as increased product chemical source terms in regions of high positive curvature. The results illustrate the necessity for including thermal diffusion, and the accuracy and computational efficiency of the mixture-averaged thermal diffusion model.

Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
Schlup, Jason0000-0002-3121-3477
Blanquart, Guillaume0000-0002-5074-9728
Additional Information:© 2017 Taylor & Francis. Received 15 Feb 2017, Accepted 10 Oct 2017, Published online: 28 Nov 2017. The authors would like to thank Robert Pitz and Carl Hall at Vanderbilt University for providing thoughtful discussions and experimental data concerning the cellular tubular flames. No potential conflict of interest was reported by the authors. The authors gratefully acknowledge funding from the US Department of Energy–Basic Energy Sciences (DE-SC0006591) under the supervision of Dr Wade Sisk, and funding from the Air Force Office of Scientific Research [FA9550-12-1-0472 and FA9550-16-1-0510] under the supervision of Dr Chiping Li. This research used resources of the National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center, a DOE Office of Science User Facility supported by the Office of Science of the US Department of Energy [Contract No. DE-AC02-05CH11231]. This work used the Extreme Science and Engineering Discovery Environment (XSEDE), which is supported by the National Science Foundation [grant number ACI-1053575].
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Department of Energy (DOE)DE-SC0006591
Air Force Office of Scientific Research (AFOSR)FA9550-12-1-0472
Air Force Office of Scientific Research (AFOSR)FA9550-16-1-0510
Department of Energy (DOE)DE-AC02-05CH11231
Subject Keywords:hydrogen combustion, thermal diffusion, flame instability, Soret effect, turbulent flames
Issue or Number:2
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20171211-082509220
Persistent URL:
Official Citation:Jason Schlup & Guillaume Blanquart (2017) Validation of a mixture-averaged thermal diffusion model for premixed lean hydrogen flames, Combustion Theory and Modelling, 22:2, 264-290, DOI: 10.1080/13647830.2017.1398350
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:83785
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:12 Dec 2017 22:40
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 19:10

Repository Staff Only: item control page