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Plastic Yielding as a Phase Transition

Ortiz, M. (1999) Plastic Yielding as a Phase Transition. Journal of Applied Mechanics, 66 (2). p. 289. ISSN 0021-8936. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20171213-094627254

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Abstract

A statistical mechanical theory of forest hardening is developed in which yielding arises as a phase transition. For simplicity, we consider the case of a single dislocation loop moving on a slip plane through randomly distributed forest dislocations, which we treat as point obstacles. The occurrence of slip at the sites occupied by these obstacles is assumed to require the expenditure of a certain amount of work commensurate with the strength of the obstacle. The case of obstacles of infinite strength is treated in detail. We show that the behavior of the dislocation loop as it sweeps the slip plane under the action of a resolved shear stress is identical to that of a lattice gas, or, equivalently, to that of the two-dimensional spin-1/2 Ising model. In particular, there exists a critical temperature T_c below which the system exhibits a yield point, i.e., the slip strain increases sharply when the applied resolved shear stress attains a critical value. Above the critical temperature the yield point disappears and the slip strain depends continuously on the applied stress. The critical exponents, which describe the behavior of the system near the critical temperature, coincide with those of the two-dimensional spin-1/2 Ising model.


Item Type:Article
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https://dx.doi.org/10.1115/1.2791048DOIArticle
http://appliedmechanics.asmedigitalcollection.asme.org/article.aspx?articleid=2552748PublisherArticle
Additional Information:© 1999 ASME. Manuscript received by the ASME Applied Mechanics Division, Aug. 14, 1998; final revision, Nov. 20, 1998. Associate Technical Editor: L. T. Wheeler. The support of the DOE through Caltech's ASCI Center for the Simulation of the Dynamic Response of Materials is gratefully acknowledged.
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Department of Energy (DOE)UNSPECIFIED
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20171213-094627254
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20171213-094627254
Official Citation:Ortiz MM. Plastic Yielding as a Phase Transition. ASME. J. Appl. Mech. 1999;66(2):289-298. doi:10.1115/1.2791048.
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:83867
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Lydia Suarez
Deposited On:13 Dec 2017 22:32
Last Modified:13 Dec 2017 22:32

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