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The Environmental Impact of Micro/Nanomachines: A Review

Gao, Wei and Wang, Joseph (2014) The Environmental Impact of Micro/Nanomachines: A Review. ACS Nano, 8 (4). pp. 3170-3180. ISSN 1936-0851. doi:10.1021/nn500077a.

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Environmental sustainability represents a major challenge facing our world. Recent advances in synthetic micro/nanomachines have opened new horizons for addressing environmental problems. This review article highlights the opportunities and challenges in translating the remarkable progresses in nanomotor technology toward practical environmental applications. It covers various environmental areas that would benefit from these developments, including nanomachine-enabled degradation and removal of major contaminants or nanomotor-based water quality monitoring. Future operations of autonomous intelligent multifunctional nanomachines, monitoring and responding to hazardous chemicals (in a “sense and destroy” mode) and using bioinspired chemotactic search strategies to trace chemical plumes to their source, are discussed, along with the challenges of moving these exciting research efforts to larger-scale pilot studies and eventually to field applications. With continuous innovations, we expect that man-made nano/microscale motors will have profound impact upon the environment.

Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription Information
Gao, Wei0000-0002-8503-4562
Additional Information:© 2014 American Chemical Society. Received 6 January 2014. Date accepted 7 March 2014. Published online 7 March 2014. Published in print 22 April 2014. This project received support from the Defense Threat Reduction Agency–Joint Science and Technology Office for Chemical and Biological Defense (Grant No. HDTRA1-13-1-0002). W.G. is a HHMI International Student Research fellow. The authors declare no competing financial interest.
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA)HDTRA1-13-1-0002
Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI)UNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:artificial microfish; chemotaxis; decontamination; environmental monitoring; microengines; nanomachines; nanomotors; nanoremediation
Issue or Number:4
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20180123-082310995
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Official Citation:The Environmental Impact of Micro/Nanomachines: A Review Wei Gao and Joseph Wang ACS Nano 2014 8 (4), 3170-3180 DOI: 10.1021/nn500077a
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:84467
Deposited By: Ruth Sustaita
Deposited On:31 Jan 2018 19:45
Last Modified:15 Nov 2021 20:20

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