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Response Regulators CheB and CheY Exhibit Competitive Binding to the Kinase CheA

Li, Jiayin and Swanson, Ronald V. and Simon, Melvin I. and Weis, Robert M. (1995) Response Regulators CheB and CheY Exhibit Competitive Binding to the Kinase CheA. Biochemistry, 34 (45). pp. 14626-14636. ISSN 0006-2960. doi:10.1021/bi00045a003.

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The autophosphorylating lunase CheA of the bacterial chemosensory signaling pathway donates a phosphoryl group to either of two response regulator proteins, CheY or the receptor methylesterase (CheB). With isothermal titration calorimetry, it was demonstrated that CheA and a CheA fragment composed of amino acid residues 1-233 (CheA_(1-233)) bound to CheY with similar dissociation constants of 2.0 and 1.2 µM at 298 K, respectively, indicating that the CheY binding site is wholly within the 1-233 amino acid locus. CheB bound to CheA_(1-233) with a KD of 3.2 µM, and also bound to intact CheA with the same affinity. CheY was found to compete with CheB for binding to CheA_(1-233), in spite of the low level of sequence identity between CheY and the regulatory domain of CheB. The competitive nature of CheY and CheB binding was determined in two independent sets of experiments: titration experiments in which either a CheB-CheA_(1-233) complex was titrated with CheY or CheB was titrated with a CheYCheA_(1-233) complex, and competitive affinity chromatography experiments that used Ni-NTA-chelating resin as an affinity matrix for complexes of the histidine-tagged CheA_(1-233) fragment and CheY or CheB. The effects of phosphorylation, binding-site mutations, and active-site mutations were also studied to probe the influence of conformational changes in CheY as a regulatory mechanism of CheY-CheA interactions. Phosphorylated CheY, in the presence of excess EDTA, was found to have a 2-fold lower affinity for CheA_(1-233), and 6 mM Mg^(2+) further reduced the affinity of phosphorylated CheY for CheA_(1-233) (ca. 3-fold), although Mg^(2+) on its own had no effect on the interactions of either CheB or CheY with CheA_(1-233). The data thus indicate that phosphorylated CheY has a significantly lower affinity for CheA under physiological conditions. The idea that phosphorylation may induce a significant conformational change, reducing the strength of the CheY-CheA interactions, is supported by the relative values of the association constants measured for CheY active-site and binding-site mutants. A binding-site mutation (A103V) in CheY, which is remote from the site of phosphorylation produced a 10-fold reduction in K_a, whereas active-site mutations produced a modest (2-fold) reduction.

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Additional Information:© 1995 American Chemical Society. Received June 20, 1995; Revised Manuscript Received September 11, 1995. This research was supported by U.S. Public Health Service Grants AI-19296 (M.I.S.) and GM-42636 (R.M.W.) and a Young Investigator Award from the Beckman Foundation (R.M.W.). R.V.S. was supported by a National Research Service Award Fellowship (GM-14767). We thank A. F. Roth and F. W. Dahlquist at the University of Oregon for providing the CheB, CheY, and Chew expression plasmids pCWlcheB, pCWlcheY, and pCWlche W, and Cheryl Cote in the Molecular and Cellular Biology Program Core Facility at the University of Massachusetts for carrying out amino acid analyses on CheA1-233,C heB, and CheY. R.M.W. and J.L. also thank Drs. Lung-Nan Lin and John F. Brandts for helpful discussions.
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Arnold and Mabel Beckman FoundationUNSPECIFIED
NIH Predoctoral FellowshipGM-14767
Issue or Number:45
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20180206-103337063
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Official Citation:Response Regulators CheB and CheY Exhibit Competitive Binding to the Kinase CheA Jiayin Li, Ronald V. Swanson, Melvin I. Simon, and Robert M. Weis Biochemistry 1995 34 (45), 14626-14636 DOI: 10.1021/bi00045a003
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:84686
Deposited By: Ruth Sustaita
Deposited On:06 Feb 2018 18:59
Last Modified:15 Nov 2021 20:22

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