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Challenges and opportunities for improved understanding of regional climate dynamics

Collins, Matthew and Minobe, Shoshiro and Barreiro, Marcelo and Bordoni, Simona and Kaspi, Yohai and Kuwano-Yoshida, Akira and Keenlyside, Noel and Manzini, Elisa and O’Reilly, Christopher H. and Sutton, Rowan and Xie, Shang-Ping and Zolina, Olga (2018) Challenges and opportunities for improved understanding of regional climate dynamics. Nature Climate Change, 8 (2). pp. 101-108. ISSN 1758-678X. doi:10.1038/s41558-017-0059-8.

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Dynamical processes in the atmosphere and ocean are central to determining the large-scale drivers of regional climate change, yet their predictive understanding is poor. Here, we identify three frontline challenges in climate dynamics where significant progress can be made to inform adaptation: response of storms, blocks and jet streams to external forcing; basin-to-basin and tropical–extratropical teleconnections; and the development of non-linear predictive theory. We highlight opportunities and techniques for making immediate progress in these areas, which critically involve the development of high-resolution coupled model simulations, partial coupling or pacemaker experiments, as well as the development and use of dynamical metrics and exploitation of hierarchies of models.

Item Type:Article
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URLURL TypeDescription ReadCube access
Collins, Matthew0000-0003-3785-6008
Bordoni, Simona0000-0003-4771-3350
Kaspi, Yohai0000-0003-4089-0020
Additional Information:© 2018 Macmillan Publishers Limited, part of Springer Nature. Received: 30 June 2017; Accepted: 12 December 2017; Published online: 29 January 2018. We acknowledge the support of CLIVAR in setting up the Climate Dynamics Panel and their travel support for hosting panel meetings. M.C. and S.M. conceived the paper and also co-chair the CLIVAR Climate Dynamics Panel. All other authors contributed to the writing. C.O.R. produced Fig. 2 and M.C. acknowledges support from NERC NE/N018486/1. N.K. acknowledges support from the ERC (grant 648982). The authors declare no competing financial interests.
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Natural Environment Research Council (NERC)NE/N018486/1
European Research Council (ERC)648982
Issue or Number:2
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20180215-101919111
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Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:84848
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:15 Feb 2018 22:57
Last Modified:15 Nov 2021 20:23

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