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Synthesis and Characterization of Hydrophobic, Organically-Soluble Gold Nanocrystals Functionalized with Primary Amines

Leff, Daniel V. and Brandt, Lutz and Heath, James R. (1996) Synthesis and Characterization of Hydrophobic, Organically-Soluble Gold Nanocrystals Functionalized with Primary Amines. Langmuir, 12 (20). pp. 4723-4730. ISSN 0743-7463. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20180302-112552752

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Abstract

We report on the synthesis and characterization of 25−70 Å diameter amine-capped gold nanocrystals. In particular, we show how these particles can be prepared by a simple procedure and confirm the particle composition (including the identity of the amine surface passivant) through several materials characterization techniques that include infrared spectroscopy, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, ultraviolet−visible spectroscopy, mass spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction analysis, differential scanning calorimetry, thermogravimetric analysis, and elemental analysis. All physical characterizations are consistent with a charge−neutral amine/gold surface interaction described by a weak covalent bond. The stability of the particles appears to be largely kinetic, rather than thermodynamic, in nature. Comparison of these nanocrystals to amines adsorbed onto bulk Au surfaces indicates that the stability of the nanocrystal/amine system is a finite-size effect.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/la960445uDOIArticle
https://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/la960445uPublisherArticle
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Heath, James R.0000-0001-5356-4385
Additional Information:© 1996 American Chemical Society. Received 6 May 1996. Published online 2 October 1996. Published in print 1 January 1996. We would like to thank Professor Bill Gelbart, Professor Robin Garrell, Professor David Myles, and Ms. Pam Ohara for helpful discussions. We also acknowledge Kibbey Stovall for performing the XPS measurements. This work was supported by a grant from the National Science Foundation-NYI program and by a David and Lucille Packard Fellowship.
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
NSFUNSPECIFIED
David and Lucille Packard FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Issue or Number:20
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20180302-112552752
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20180302-112552752
Official Citation:Synthesis and Characterization of Hydrophobic, Organically-Soluble Gold Nanocrystals Functionalized with Primary Amines Daniel V. Leff, Lutz Brandt, and James R. Heath Langmuir 1996 12 (20), 4723-4730 DOI: 10.1021/la960445u
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:85066
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Ruth Sustaita
Deposited On:02 Mar 2018 21:31
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 19:26

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