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Searches for gravitational waves from known pulsars with S5 LIGO data

Abbott, B. P. and Abbott, R. and Adhikari, R. and Anderson, S. B. and Araya, M. and Armandula, H. and Aso, Y. and Ballmer, S. and Barton, M. A. and Betzwieser, J. and Billingsley, G. and Black, E. and Blackburn, J. K. and Bork, R. and Boschi, V. and Brooks, A. F. and Cannon, K. C. and Cardenas, L. and Cepeda, C. and Chalermsongsak, T. and Chatterji, S. and Coyne, D. C. and Daubert, B. and DeSalvo, R. and Echols, C. and Ehrens, P. and Espinoza, E. and Etzel, T. and Fazi, D. and Gustafson, E. K. and Hanna, C. and Heefner, J. and Heptonstall, A. and Hodge, K. A. and Ivanov, A. and Kalmus, P. and Kells, W. and Keppel, D. G. and King, P. and Kondrashov, V. and Kozak, D. and Lazzarini, A. and Lei, M. and Lindquist, P. E. and Mageswaran, M. and Mailand, K. and Maros, E. and Marx, J. N. and McIntyre, G. and Meshkov, S. and Miyakawa, O. and Nash, T. and Ogin, G. H. and Patel, P. and Pedraza, M. and Robertson, N. A. and Russell, P. and Sannibale, V. and Searle, A. C. and Sears, B. and Sengupta, A. S. and Smith , M. R. and Stochino, A. and Taylor, R. and Torrie, C. and Vass, S. and Villar, A. and Wallace, L. and Ward, R. L. and Weinstein, A. J. and Whitcomb, S. E. and Willems, P. A. and Yamamoto, H. and Zhang, L. and Zweizig, J. and Chen, Y. and Li , C. and Mino, Y. and Savov, P. and Somiya, K. and Thorne, K. S. and Vallisneri, M. and Wen, L. and Drever, R. W. P. (2010) Searches for gravitational waves from known pulsars with S5 LIGO data. Astrophysical Journal, 713 (1). pp. 671-685. ISSN 0004-637X. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20180309-065629209

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Abstract

We present a search for gravitational waves from 116 known millisecond and young pulsars using data from the fifth science run of the LIGO detectors. For this search, ephemerides overlapping the run period were obtained for all pulsars using radio and X-ray observations. We demonstrate an updated search method that allows for small uncertainties in the pulsar phase parameters to be included in the search. We report no signal detection from any of the targets and therefore interpret our results as upper limits on the gravitational wave signal strength. The most interesting limits are those for young pulsars. We present updated limits on gravitational radiation from the Crab pulsar, where the measured limit is now a factor of 7 below the spin-down limit. This limits the power radiated via gravitational waves to be less than ~2% of the available spin-down power. For the X-ray pulsar J0537 – 6910 we reach the spin-down limit under the assumption that any gravitational wave signal from it stays phase locked to the X-ray pulses over timing glitches, and for pulsars J1913+1011 and J1952+3252 we are only a factor of a few above the spin-down limit. Of the recycled millisecond pulsars, several of the measured upper limits are only about an order of magnitude above their spin-down limits. For these our best (lowest) upper limit on gravitational wave amplitude is 2.3 × 10^(–26) for J1603 – 7202 and our best (lowest) limit on the inferred pulsar ellipticity is 7.0 × 10^(–8) for J2124 – 3358.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/713/1/671DOIArticle
http://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/0004-637X/713/1/671/metaPublisherArticle
https://arxiv.org/abs/0909.3583arXivDiscussion Paper
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Adhikari, R.0000-0002-5731-5076
Billingsley, G.0000-0002-4141-2744
Kozak, D.0000-0003-3118-8950
Weinstein, A. J.0000-0002-0928-6784
Zweizig, J.0000-0002-1521-3397
Vallisneri, M.0000-0002-4162-0033
Additional Information:© 2010 American Astronomical Society. Received 2009 October 11. Accepted 2010 February 26. Published 2010 March 24. The authors gratefully acknowledge the support of the United States National Science Foundation for the construction and operation of the LIGO Laboratory, the Science and Technology Facilities Council of the United Kingdom, the Max-Planck-Society, and the State of Niedersachsen/Germany for support of the construction and operation of the GEO600 detector, and the Italian Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare and the French Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique for the construction and operation of the Virgo detector. The authors also gratefully acknowledge the support of the research by these agencies and by the Australian Research Council, the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research of India, the Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare of Italy, the Spanish Ministerio de Educación y Ciencia, the Conselleria d'Economia Hisenda i Innovació of the Govern de les Illes Balears, the Foundation for Fundamental Research on Matter supported by the Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research, the Royal Society, the Scottish Funding Council, the Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education, the FOCUS Programme of Foundation for Polish Science, the Scottish Universities Physics Alliance, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, the Carnegie Trust, the Leverhulme Trust, the David and Lucile Packard Foundation, the Research Corporation, and the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation. LIGO Document No. LIGO-P080112-v5. Pulsar research at UBC is supported by a Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada Discovery Grant. The Parkes radio telescope is part of the Australia Telescope which is funded by the Commonwealth Government for operation as a National Facility managed by CSIRO. The National Radio Astronomy Observatory is a facility of the United States National Science Foundation operated under cooperative agreement by Associated Universities, Inc. We thank Maura McLaughlin for useful discussions.
Group:LIGO
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
NSFUNSPECIFIED
Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC)UNSPECIFIED
Max Planck SocietyUNSPECIFIED
State of Niedersachsen/GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN)UNSPECIFIED
Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS)UNSPECIFIED
Australian Research CouncilUNSPECIFIED
Council of Science and Industrial Research (India)UNSPECIFIED
Ministerio de Educación y Ciencia (MEC)UNSPECIFIED
Conselleria d’Economia Hisenda i Innovaciό of the Govern de les Illes BalearsUNSPECIFIED
Stichting voor Fundamenteel Onderzoek der Materie (FOM)UNSPECIFIED
Royal SocietyUNSPECIFIED
Scottish Funding Council UNSPECIFIED
Ministry of Science and Higher Education (Poland)UNSPECIFIED
FOCUS Programme of Foundation for Polish ScienceUNSPECIFIED
Scottish Universities Physics AllianceUNSPECIFIED
NASAUNSPECIFIED
Carnegie TrustUNSPECIFIED
Leverhulme TrustUNSPECIFIED
David and Lucile Packard FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Research CorporationUNSPECIFIED
Alfred P. Sloan FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC)UNSPECIFIED
Commonwealth of AustraliaUNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:gravitational waves; pulsars: general
Other Numbering System:
Other Numbering System NameOther Numbering System ID
LIGO DocumentP080112-v5
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20180309-065629209
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20180309-065629209
Official Citation:B. P. Abbott et al 2010 ApJ 713 671
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:85214
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Ruth Sustaita
Deposited On:09 Mar 2018 16:05
Last Modified:09 Mar 2018 16:05

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