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Catalytic Synthesis of Single-Layer Carbon Nanotubes with a Wide Range of Diameters

Kiang, Ching-Hwa and Goddard, William A., III and Beyers, Robert and Salem, Jesse R. and Bethune, Donald S. (1994) Catalytic Synthesis of Single-Layer Carbon Nanotubes with a Wide Range of Diameters. Journal of Physical Chemistry, 98 (26). pp. 6612-6618. ISSN 0022-3654. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20180316-092924343

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Abstract

We have synthesized single-layer carbon nanotubes by co-vaporizing cobalt with carbon in an arc fullerene generator and have identified conditions that lead to high yields. The diameter distribution of the tubes and their morphologies are studied using transmission electron microscopy. For nanotubes produced using cobalt and carbon, the tube diameters range from 1 to 2 nm with distribution peaks at 1.3 and 1.5 nm. When sulfur is added to the carbon and cobalt, production of single-layer nanotubes is enhanced and the tubes have a wider range of diameters (from 1 to 6 nm). The diameter distribution for these nanotubes shows prominent peaks at 1.3 and 1.5 nm and additional maxima at 2.7 and 3.6 nm. Cobalt-containing crystallites, some encapsulated in graphitic polyhedra, are produced with the nanotubes and are found in the soot away from the cathode.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
https://doi.org/10.1021/j100077a030DOIArticle
https://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/j100077a030PublisherArticle
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Goddard, William A., III0000-0003-0097-5716
Additional Information:© 1994 American Chemical Society. Received: March 4, 1994; In Final Form: April 22, 1994. We thank R. Savoy for X-ray data. We also thank M. Endo, S. Iijima, A. Nazzal, R. D. Johnson, P. van Loosdrecht, and K. Tanigaki for helpful discussions. This research is partially supported by the NSF (ASC-9217368) and by the Materials and Molecular Simulation Center.
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
NSFASC-9217368
Caltech Beckman InstituteUNSPECIFIED
Issue or Number:26
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20180316-092924343
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20180316-092924343
Official Citation:Catalytic Synthesis of Single-Layer Carbon Nanotubes with a Wide Range of Diameters. Ching-Hwa Kiang, William A. III Goddard, Robert Beyers, Jesse R. Salem, and Donald S. Bethune. The Journal of Physical Chemistry 1994 98 (26), 6612-6618 DOI: 10.1021/j100077a030
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:85344
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:30 Mar 2018 22:23
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 19:30

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