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Enhanced Low-Temperature Performance of Li–CFx Batteries

Whitacre, J. F. and West, W. C. and Smart, M. C. and Yazami, R. and Prakash, G. K. Surya and Hawmi, A. and Ratnakumar, B. V. (2007) Enhanced Low-Temperature Performance of Li–CFx Batteries. Electrochemical and Solid-State Letters, 10 (7). A166-A170. ISSN 1099-0062. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:WHIessl07

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Abstract

This work describes the continued examination of the low-temperature performance of the Li–CFx electrochemical couple in a −40°C or colder environment. Previously, the efficacy of subfluorinated CFx (SFCFx) cathode active materials was demonstrated; preliminary results indicated that the material was functional at rates up to C/10 at −40°C. However, there were often substantial voltage fluctuations during discharge, accompanied with inconsistent capacity yields and sometimes dramatic polarization events. In the research described herein, an investigation of various electrolyte and cathode compositions was conducted in an effort to optimize performance. In particular, several different electrolyte solvent formulations were examined using a salt content of either 1 or 0.5 M LiBF4. A further modification consisted of addition of an anion receptor to the electrolyte that was intended to be a LiF-solvating agent. The most promising electrolyte was tested with several different SFCFx compositions created using either graphitic or multiwall nanotube precursor materials. Electrochemical evaluation showed that the best SFCFx-based test cells were able to deliver specific capacity values up to five times greater than control cells (containing conventional CF1.08 powder) at −40°C under discharge currents as high as C/5 with composite electrodes thicker than 100 µm.


Item Type:Article
Additional Information:©2007 The Electrochemical Society (Revised 8 March 2007; published 3 May 2007) The work described here was carried out at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, for the NASA ESMD technology development program, under contract with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). California Institute of Technology assisted in meeting the publication costs of this article.
Subject Keywords:secondary cells; lithium compounds; cathodes; electrolytes; electrochemistry
Issue or Number:7
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:WHIessl07
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:WHIessl07
Alternative URL:http://dx.doi.org/10.1149/1.2735823
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:8549
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Archive Administrator
Deposited On:20 Aug 2007
Last Modified:26 Dec 2012 09:40

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