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SNhunt151: an explosive event inside a dense cocoon

Elias-Rosa, N. and Benetti, S and Cappellaro, E. and Pastorello, A. and Terreran, G. and Morales-Garoffolo, A. and Howerton, S. C. and Valenti, S. and Kankare, E. and Drake, A. J. and Djorgovski, S. G. and Tomasella, L. and Tartaglia, L. and Kangas, T. and Ochner, P. and Filippenko, A. V. and Ciabattari, F. and Geier, S. and Howell, D. A. and Isern, J. and Leonini, S. and Pignata, G. and Turatto, M. (2018) SNhunt151: an explosive event inside a dense cocoon. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 475 (2). pp. 2614-2631. ISSN 0035-8711. doi:10.1093/mnras/sty009.

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SNhunt151 was initially classified as a supernova (SN) impostor (nonterminal outburst of a massive star). It exhibited a slow increase in luminosity, lasting about 450 d, followed by a major brightening that reaches M_V ≈ −18 mag. No source is detected to M_V ≳ −13 mag in archival images at the position of SNhunt151 before the slow rise. Low-to-mid-resolution optical spectra obtained during the pronounced brightening show very little evolution, being dominated at all times by multicomponent Balmer emission lines, a signature of interaction between the material ejected in the new outburst and the pre-existing circumstellar medium. We also analysed mid-infrared images from the Spitzer Space Telescope, detecting a source at the transient position in 2014 and 2015. Overall, SNhunt151 is spectroscopically a Type IIn SN, somewhat similar to SN 2009ip. However, there are also some differences, such as a slow pre-discovery rise, a relatively broad light-curve peak showing a longer rise time (∼50 d), and a slower decline, along with a negligible change in the temperature around the peak (T ≤ 10^4 K). We suggest that SNhunt151 is the result of an outburst, or an SN explosion, within a dense circumstellar nebula, similar to those embedding some luminous blue variables like η Carinae and originating from past mass-loss events.

Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription Paper
Elias-Rosa, N.0000-0002-1381-9125
Benetti, S0000-0002-3256-0016
Cappellaro, E.0000-0001-5008-8619
Valenti, S.0000-0001-8818-0795
Kankare, E.0000-0001-8257-3512
Djorgovski, S. G.0000-0002-0603-3087
Tartaglia, L.0000-0003-3433-1492
Filippenko, A. V.0000-0003-3460-0103
Geier, S.0000-0002-3948-9339
Howell, D. A.0000-0003-4253-656X
Pignata, G.0000-0003-0006-0188
Additional Information:© 2018 The Author(s). Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society. Accepted 2017 December 21. Received 2017 December 21; in original form 2017 June 15. Published: 09 January 2018. We thank S. Spiro, R. Rekola, A. Harutyunyan, and M. L. Graham for their help with the observations. We are grateful to the collaboration of Massimo Conti, Giacomo Guerrini, Paolo Rosi, and Luz Marina Tinjaca Ramirez from the Osservatorio Astronomico Provinciale di Montarrenti. The staffs at the different observatories provided excellent assistance with the observations. The research leading to these results has received funding from the European Union Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007-2013) under grant agreement No. 267251, ‘Astronomy Fellowships in Italy’ (AstroFIt)’. NE-R acknowledges financial support from MIUR PRIN 2010-2011, ‘The Dark Universe and the Cosmic Evolution of Baryons: From Current Surveys to Euclid’. NE-R, AP, SB, LT, MT, and GP are partially supported by the PRIN-INAF 2014 (project ‘Transient Universe: Unveiling New Types of Stellar Explosions with PESSTO’). GP acknowledges support provided by the Millennium Institute of Astrophysics (MAS) through grant IC120009 of the Programa Iniciativa Cientíifica Milenio del Ministerio de Economía, Fomento y Turismo de Chile. TK acknowledges financial support from the Emil Aaltonen Foundation. CRTS was supported by the NSF grants AST-0909182, AST-1313422, and AST-1413600. AVF is grateful for generous financial assistance from the Christopher R. Redlich Fund, the TABASGO Foundation, the Miller Institute for Basic Research in Science (UC Berkeley), and NASA/HST grant GO-14668 from the Space Telescope Science Institute, which is operated by AURA, Inc. under NASA contract NAS5-26555. The work of AVF was conducted in part at the Aspen Center for Physics, which is supported by NSF grant PHY-1607611; he thanks the Center for its hospitality during the neutron stars workshop in June and July 2017. NE-R acknowledges the hospitality of the ‘Institut de Ciències de l'Espai (CSIC), where this work was completed. This research is based on observations made with the Nordic Optical Telescope, operated by the Nordic Optical Telescope Scientific Association at the Observatorio del Roque de los Muchachos, La Palma, Spain, of the Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias; the Gran Telescopio Canarias (GTC), installed in the Spanish Observatorio del Roque de los Muchachos of the Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias, on the island of La Palma; the Italian Telescopio Nazionale Galileo (TNG), operated on the island of La Palma by the Fundaci Galileo Galilei of the INAF (Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica) at the Spanish Observatorio del Roque de los Muchachos of the Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias; the Liverpool Telescope, operated on the island of La Palma by Liverpool John Moores University in the Spanish Observatorio del Roque de los Muchachos of the Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias with financial support from the UK Science and Technology Facilities Council; the 1.82-m Copernico Telescope and the Schmidt 67/92 cm of INAF-Asiago Observatory; the Catalina Real Time Survey (CRTS) Catalina Sky Survey (CSS) 0.7-m Schmidt Telescope; and the Las Cumbres Observatory (LCO) network. This work is also based in part on archival data obtained with the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope, obtained from the Data Archive at the Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI), which is operated by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy (AURA), Inc., under NASA contract NAS5-26555; the Spitzer Space Telescope, which is operated by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, under a contract with NASA (support was provided by NASA through an award issued by JPL/Caltech); and the Swift telescope. This work has made use of the NASA/IPAC Extragalactic Database (NED), which is operated by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, under contract with NASA.
Group:Infrared Processing and Analysis Center (IPAC)
Funding AgencyGrant Number
European Research Council (ERC)267251
Ministero dell'Istruzione, dell'Universita e della Ricerca (MIUR)UNSPECIFIED
Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica (INAF)UNSPECIFIED
Iniciativa Científica Milenio del Ministerio de Economía, Fomento y TurismoIC120009
Emil Aaltonen FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Christopher R. Redlich FundUNSPECIFIED
University of California, BerkeleyUNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:stars: evolution – supernovae: general – supernovae: individual: SNhunt151: galaxies: individual: UGC 316
Issue or Number:2
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20180329-152524491
Persistent URL:
Official Citation:N Elias-Rosa, S Benetti, E Cappellaro, A Pastorello, G Terreran, A Morales-Garoffolo, S C Howerton, S Valenti, E Kankare, A J Drake, S G Djorgovski, L Tomasella, L Tartaglia, T Kangas, P Ochner, A V Filippenko, F Ciabattari, S Geier, D A Howell, J Isern, S Leonini, G Pignata, M Turatto; SNhunt151: an explosive event inside a dense cocoon, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Volume 475, Issue 2, 1 April 2018, Pages 2614–2631,
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:85510
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:29 Mar 2018 22:50
Last Modified:15 Nov 2021 20:29

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