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Theory and Simulation of Attractive Nanoparticle Transport in Polymer Melts

Yamamoto, Umi and Carrillo, Jan-Michael Y. and Bocharova, Vera and Sokolov, Alexei P. and Sumpter, Bobby G. and Schweizer, Kenneth S. (2018) Theory and Simulation of Attractive Nanoparticle Transport in Polymer Melts. Macromolecules, 51 (6). pp. 2258-2267. ISSN 0024-9297. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20180418-103623056

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Abstract

We theoretically study the diffusion of a single attractive nanoparticle (NP) in unentangled and entangled polymer melts based on combining microscopic “core–shell” and “vehicle” mechanisms in a dynamic bond percolation theory framework. A physical picture is constructed which addresses the role of chain length (N), degree of entanglement, nanoparticle size, and NP–polymer attraction strength. The nanoparticle diffusion constant is predicted to initially decrease with N due to the dominance of the core–shell mechanism, then to cross over to the vehicle diffusion regime with a weaker N dependence, and eventually plateau at large enough N. This behavior corresponds to decoupling of NP diffusivity from the macroscopic melt viscosity, which is reminiscent of repulsive NPs in entangled melts, but here it occurs for a distinct physical reason. Specifically, it reflects a crossover to a transport mechanism whereby nanoparticles adsorb on polymer chains and diffuse using them as “vehicles” over a characteristic desorption time scale. Repetition of random desorption events then leads to Fickian long time NP diffusion. Complementary simulations for a range of chain lengths and low to moderate NP–polymer attraction strengths are also performed. They allow testing of the proposed diffusion mechanisms and qualitatively support the theoretically predicted dynamic crossover behavior. When the desorption time is smaller than or comparable to the onset of entangled polymer dynamics, the NP diffusivity becomes almost chain length independent.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.macromol.7b02694DOIArticle
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Carrillo, Jan-Michael Y.0000-0001-8774-697X
Bocharova, Vera0000-0003-4270-3866
Sumpter, Bobby G.0000-0001-6341-0355
Additional Information:© 2018 American Chemical Society. Received: December 19, 2017. Revised: February 14, 2018. Published: March 8, 2018. This work was supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Basic Energy Sciences, Materials Science and Engineering Division. Simulations were performed at the Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences, which is a US Department of Energy Office of Science User Facility. This research also used resources of the Oak Ridge Leadership Computing Facility at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, which is supported by the Office of Science of the Department of Energy under Contract DE-AC05-00OR22725. The authors declare no competing financial interest.
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Department of Energy (DOE)DE-AC05-00OR22725
Issue or Number:6
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20180418-103623056
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20180418-103623056
Official Citation:Theory and Simulation of Attractive Nanoparticle Transport in Polymer Melts Umi Yamamoto, Jan-Michael Y. Carrillo, Vera Bocharova, Alexei P. Sokolov, Bobby G. Sumpter, and Kenneth S. Schweizer Macromolecules 2018 51 (6), 2258-2267 DOI: 10.1021/acs.macromol.7b02694
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:85945
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: George Porter
Deposited On:18 Apr 2018 21:18
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 19:37

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