A Caltech Library Service

Legacy of the Asteroid Redirect Robotic Mission (ARRM)

Brophy, John R. (2017) Legacy of the Asteroid Redirect Robotic Mission (ARRM). In: 35th International Electric Propulsion Conference, October 8 – 12, 2017, Atlanta, GA.

[img] PDF - Published Version
See Usage Policy.


Use this Persistent URL to link to this item:


NASA’s proposed Asteroid Redirect Robotic Mission (ARRM) began with the recognition in a 2010 NASA study that emerging high-power solar electric propulsion technology could be used to rendezvous with, capture, and return an entire, very small (~10,000 kg), near Earth asteroid to the International Space Station. A 2011 workshop by the Keck Institute for Space Studies (KISS) extended this NASA study to asteroid masses of order 500,000 kg by returning them to cislunar space. Subsequent detailed NASA studies in 2013-2014 confirmed the feasibility of this concept. This led to the establishment of the Asteroid Redirect Mission program that consisted of a robotic mission to return multiple tons of asteroid material to cislunar space and a crewed mission to rendezvous with the robotic vehicle, perform two extra vehicular activities (EVAs), collect samples of the asteroid material, and return this material to Earth. Implementation of ARRM proceeded midway through Phase B before being cancelled in April 2017. Although ARRM was cancelled, it left a near-term legacy of positive impacts to the human spaceflight community, the planetary defense community, the deep space science community, and asteroid mining interests.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
Additional Information:© 2017. California Institute of Technology. Government sponsorship acknowledged. The research described in this paper was carried out at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, under a contract with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. I would like to Louis Friedman and Thomas D. Jones for their instrumental work in selling the ARM concept to NASA. I would also like to thank all of the original members of the KISS study for the courage and technical expertise they displayed in constructing mission concept whose feasibility withstood the scrutiny of detailed NASA studies. Finally, I would like to thank all of the men and women throughout JPL and NASA who spent years working on ARM and who, I’m sure, would have made ARM a brilliant success if it had gone to completion.
Group:Keck Institute for Space Studies
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Keck Institute for Space Studies (KISS)UNSPECIFIED
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20180426-120912963
Persistent URL:
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:86061
Deposited By: Iryna Chatila
Deposited On:26 Apr 2018 20:06
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 19:39

Repository Staff Only: item control page