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Deep Drilling into a Mantle Plume Volcano: The Hawaii Scientific Drilling Project

Stolper, Edward M. and DePaolo, Donald J. and Thomas, Donald M. (2009) Deep Drilling into a Mantle Plume Volcano: The Hawaii Scientific Drilling Project. Scientific Drilling, 7 . pp. 4-14. ISSN 1816-3459. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20180427-155654328

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Abstract

Oceanic volcanoes formed by mantle plumes, such as those of Hawaii and Iceland, strongly influence our views about the deep Earth (Morgan, 1971; Sleep, 2006). These volcanoes are the principal geochemical probe into the deep mantle, a testing ground for understanding mantle convection, plate tectonics and volcanism, and an archive of information on Earth’s magnetic field and lithosphere dynamics. Study of the petrology, geochemistry, and structure of oceanic volcanoes has contributed immensely to our present understanding of deep Earth processes, but virtually all of this study has been concentrated on rocks available at the surface. In favorable circumstances, surface exposures penetrate to a depth of a few hundred meters, which is a small fraction of the 10- to 15-kilometer height of Hawaiian volcanoes above the depressed seafloor (Moore, 1987; Watts, 2001).


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
https://doi.org/10.2204/iodp.sd.7.02.2009DOIArticle
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Stolper, Edward M.0000-0001-8008-8804
Additional Information:© Author(s) 2009. This work is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License. The project and the U.S. investigators were funded by the Continental Dynamics Program of the U.S. National Science Foundation (EAR-9528594 to E.M. Stolper, EAR-9528544 to D.J. DePaolo, and EAR-9528534 to D.M. Thomas), with additional funds for core drilling provided by the International Continental Scientific Drilling Program (ICDP). Non-U.S. investigators participated with support from their respective institutions and national funding agencies. The authors would like to acknowledge the critical role played by Mike Garcia in supervising the core logging and other on-site core characterization activities.
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
NSFEAR-9528594
NSFEAR-9528544
NSFEAR-9528534
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20180427-155654328
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20180427-155654328
Official Citation:Stolper, E. M., DePaolo, D. J., and Thomas, D. M.: Deep Drilling into a Mantle Plume Volcano: The Hawaii Scientific Drilling Project, Sci. Dril., 7, 4-14, https://doi.org/10.2204/iodp.sd.7.02.2009, 2009.
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:86101
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: George Porter
Deposited On:30 Apr 2018 15:18
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 19:39

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