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Second-order nonlinearities and crystal structure of 2-methoxy-4'-nitro-(E)-stilbene

Grubbs, R. Bernard and Marder, Seth R. and Perry, Joseph W. and Schaefer, William P. (1991) Second-order nonlinearities and crystal structure of 2-methoxy-4'-nitro-(E)-stilbene. Chemistry of Materials, 3 (1). pp. 3-4. ISSN 0897-4756. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20180507-141347650

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Abstract

Second-order nonlinear optical (NLO) properties of crystalline materials depend both on the magnitude of the molecular hyperpolarizability (β) and on the orientation of the chromophores in the crystal lattice. If the molecular hyperpolarizability is to result in a nonzero macroscopic nonlinearity, the molecule must crystallize in a noncentrosymmetric space group. The design of new second-order NLO materials requires one both to address the structure-property relationships that govern β and to develop methodologies that favor noncentrosymmetric crystallization. Methods used to encourage noncentrosymmetric crystallization include the use of chiral molecules, the incorporation of functional groups that encourage asymmetric intermolecular hydrogen bonding, the synthesis of molecules with very small ground-state dipole moments but larger excited-state dipole moments, and the variation of counterion with ionic chromophore.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
https://dx.doi.org/10.1021/cm00013a001DOIArticle
https://pubs.acs.org/doi/suppl/10.1021/cm00013a001PublisherSupporting Information
Additional Information:© 1991 American Chemical Society. Received April 17, 1990. Revised Manuscript Received November 6, 1990. The research described in this paper was performed, in part, by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, as part of its Center for Space Microelectronics Technology, which is supported in part by the Strategic Defense Initiative Organization, Innovative Science and Technology Office through an agreement with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. The diffractometer used in this study was purchased with a grant from the National Science Foundation, CHE-8219039. We thank Bruce G. Tiemann, Paul Groves and Kelly Perry for technical assistance.
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
NASA/JPL/CaltechUNSPECIFIED
Strategic Defense Initiative Organization (SDIO)UNSPECIFIED
NSFCHE-8219039
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Division of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering8127
Issue or Number:1
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20180507-141347650
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20180507-141347650
Official Citation:Second-order nonlinearities and crystal structure of 2-methoxy-4'-nitro-(E)-stilbene R. Bernard Grubbs, Seth R. Marder, Joseph W. Perry, and William P. Schaefer Chemistry of Materials 1991 3 (1), 3-4 DOI: 10.1021/cm00013a001
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:86264
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: George Porter
Deposited On:07 May 2018 21:49
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 19:41

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