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Theoretical Studies of Ziegler-Natta Catalysis: Structural Variations and Tacticity Control

Bierwagen, Erik P. and Bercaw, John E. and Goddard, W. A., III (1994) Theoretical Studies of Ziegler-Natta Catalysis: Structural Variations and Tacticity Control. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 116 (4). pp. 1481-1489. ISSN 0002-7863. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20180529-145628341

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Abstract

Models for the likely active catalysts in homogeneous Ziegler-Natta systems have been studied using ab initio quantum chemical methods. We investigated the geometries of the isoelectronic model complexes, X_2M-R where X = Cl or Cp = (η^5-C_5H_5); where M = Sc and Ti^+ (and also Ti); and where R = H, CH_3, or SiH_3. The general trend is that the M = Sc compounds strongly prefer a planar configuration, whereas the M = Ti^+ cases generally prefer pyramidal geometries. This difference in geometry can be related to the differing ground-state electronic configurations for the metals: Sc is (4s)^2(3d)^1, whereas Ti^+ is (4s)^1(3d)^2. The nonplanar geometry for [Cp_2Ti-R]^+ suggests an explanation for the origin of stereospecificity in the syndiotactic polymerization by unsymmetric metallocene catalysts. These results suggest that {(η^5-C_5H_4)CMe_2(η^5-fluorenyl)}Sc-R would not catalyze syndiotactic polymerization under these conditions.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
https://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ja00083a037DOIArticle
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Goddard, W. A., III0000-0003-0097-5716
Additional Information:© 1994 American Chemical Society. Received June 30, 1992. Revised Manuscript Received November 22, 1993. We wish to thank Dr. Jason Perry for many helpful discussions. E.P.B. wishes to acknowledge a generous grant from the ARCS foundation. This research was supported by a grant from the National Science Foundation (CH91-100284) and the USDOE Office of Basic Energy Sciences (Grant No. DE-FG03-85ER113431). The facilities of the Materials and Molecular Simulation Center are also supported by grants from NSF-GCAG, DOE-AICD, Allied-Signal, Asahi Glass, Asahi Chemical, BP America, Chevron, BF Goodrich, Teijin Chemical, and Xerox.
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
ARCS FoundationUNSPECIFIED
NSFCHE91-100284
Department of Energy (DOE)DE-FG03-85ER113431
Allied-SignalUNSPECIFIED
Asahi GlassUNSPECIFIED
Asahi ChemicalUNSPECIFIED
BP AmericaUNSPECIFIED
ChevronUNSPECIFIED
BF GoodrichUNSPECIFIED
Teijin ChemicalUNSPECIFIED
XeroxUNSPECIFIED
Other Numbering System:
Other Numbering System NameOther Numbering System ID
Division of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering8821
Issue or Number:4
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20180529-145628341
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20180529-145628341
Official Citation:Theoretical Studies of Ziegler-Natta Catalysis: Structural Variations and Tacticity Control Erik P. Bierwagen, John E. Bercaw, and W. A. Goddard III Journal of the American Chemical Society 1994 116 (4), 1481-1489 DOI: 10.1021/ja00083a037
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:86682
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: George Porter
Deposited On:29 May 2018 22:55
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 19:46

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