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Time-varying filters and filter banks: some basic principles

Phoong, See-May and Vaidyanathan, P. P. (1996) Time-varying filters and filter banks: some basic principles. IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing, 44 (12). pp. 2911-2927. ISSN 1053-587X. doi:10.1109/78.553472.

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We study the fundamentals of time-varying filter banks (TVFB). Using a polyphase approach to TVFBs, we are able to show some unusual properties that are not exhibited by the conventional LTI filter banks. For example, we can show that for a perfect reconstruction (PR) TVFB, the losslessness of analysis bank does not always imply that of the synthesis bank, and replacing the delay z-1 in an implementation of a lossless linear time-variant (LTV) system with z-L for integer L in general will result in a nonlossless system. Moreover, we show that interchanging the analysis and synthesis filters of a PR TVFB will usually destroy the PR property, and a PR TVFB in general will not generate a discrete-time basis for l2. Furthermore, we show that we can characterize all TVFBs by characterizing multi-input multi-output (MIMO) LTV systems. A useful subclass of LTV systems, namely the lossless systems, is discussed in detail. All lossless LTV systems are invertible. Moreover, the inverse is a finite impulse response (FIR) if the original lossless system is an FIR. Explicit construction of the inverses is given. However, unlike in the LTI case, we show that the inverse system is not necessarily unique or invertible. In fact, the inverse of a lossless LTV system is not necessarily lossless. Depending on the invertibility of their inverses, the lossless systems are divided into two groups: (i) invertible inverse lossless (IIL) systems and (ii) noninvertible inverse lossless (NIL) systems. We show that an NIL PR TVFB will only generate a discrete-time tight frame with unity frame bound. However if the PR FB is IIL, we have an orthonormal basis for ℓ2. In a companion paper, some of these results are used to derive deeper properties of lossless TVFB including factorization theorems.

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Vaidyanathan, P. P.0000-0003-3003-7042
Additional Information:© Copyright 1996 IEEE. Reprinted with permission. Manuscript received Apnl 7, 1995; revised July 5, 1996. This work was supported by the NSF under Grant MIP 92-15785, by Tektronix, Inc., and by Rockwell International. The associate editor coordinating the review of this paper and approving it for publication was Dr. Bruce W. Suter.
Subject Keywords:FIR filters MIMO systems filtering theory frequency-domain analysis, inverse problems, linear systems, signal reconstruction, signal synthesis, time-domain analysis, time-varying filters
Issue or Number:12
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:PHOieeetsp96
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Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:8703
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Deposited On:06 Sep 2007
Last Modified:08 Nov 2021 20:52

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