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SWCam: the short wavelength camera for the CCAT Observatory

Stacey, Gordon J. and Dowell, Charles D. and Hollister, Matthew I. and Kovács, Attila and McKenney, Christopher M. and Yoshida, Hiroshige and Zmuidzinas, Jonas and Swenson, Loren J. and Radford, Simon J. and Mroczkowski, Anthony K. and Sayers, Jack and Vieira, Joaquin D. (2014) SWCam: the short wavelength camera for the CCAT Observatory. In: Millimeter, Submillimeter, and Far-Infrared Detectors and Instrumentation for Astronomy VII. Proceedings of SPIE. No.9153. Society of Photo-optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE) , Bellingham, WA, Art. No. 91530L. ISBN 9780819496218. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20180621-082327925

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Abstract

We describe the Short Wavelength Camera (SWCam) for the CCAT observatory including the primary science drivers, the coupling of the science drivers to the instrument requirements, the resulting implementation of the design, and its performance expectations at first light. CCAT is a 25 m submillimeter telescope planned to operate at 5600 meters, near the summit of Cerro Chajnantor in the Atacama Desert in northern Chile. CCAT is designed to give a total wave front error of 12.5 μm rms, so that combined with its high and exceptionally dry site, the facility will provide unsurpassed point source sensitivity deep into the short submillimeter bands to wavelengths as short as the 200 μm telluric window. The SWCam system consists of 7 sub-cameras that address 4 different telluric windows: 4 subcameras at 350 μm, 1 at 450 μm, 1 at 850 μm, and 1 at 2 mm wavelength. Each sub-camera has a 6’ diameter field of view, so that the total instantaneous field of view for SWCam is equivalent to a 16’ diameter circle. Each focal plane is populated with near unit filling factor arrays of Lumped Element Kinetic Inductance Detectors (LEKIDs) with pixels scaled to subtend an solid angle of (λ/D)2 on the sky. The total pixel count is 57,160. We expect background limited performance at each wavelength, and to be able to map < 35(°)2 of sky to 5 σ on the confusion noise at each wavelength per year with this first light instrument. Our primary science goal is to resolve the Cosmic Far-IR Background (CIRB) in our four colors so that we may explore the star and galaxy formation history of the Universe extending to within 500 million years of the Big Bang. CCAT's large and high-accuracy aperture, its fast slewing speed, use of instruments with large format arrays, and being located at a superb site enables mapping speeds of up to three orders of magnitude larger than contemporary or near future facilities and makes it uniquely sensitive, especially in the short submm bands.


Item Type:Book Section
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2057101DOIArticle
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
McKenney, Christopher M.0000-0003-4917-4872
Sayers, Jack0000-0002-8213-3784
Additional Information:© 2014 Society of Photo-optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). This work was supported in part by the CCAT telescope project, NSF AST-118243.
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
NSFAST-118243
Subject Keywords:CCAT telescope, submillimeter cameras, LEKID detectors, submillimeter galaxies, high redshift universe
Series Name:Proceedings of SPIE
Issue or Number:9153
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20180621-082327925
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20180621-082327925
Official Citation:Gordon J. Stacey, Stephen Parshley, Thomas Nikola, German Cortes-Medellin, Justin Schoenwald, Ganesh Rajagopalan, Michael D. Niemack, Tim Jenness, Patricio Gallardo, Brian Koopman, Charles D. Dowell, Peter K. Day, Matthew I. Hollister, Attila Kovacs, Henry G. LeDuc, Christopher M. McKenney, Ryan M. Monroe, Hiroshige Yoshida, Jonas Zmuidzinas, Loren J. Swenson, Simon J. Radford, Hien Trong Nguyen, Anthony K. Mroczkowski, Jason Glenn, Jordan Wheeler, Philip Maloney, Spencer Brugger, Joseph D. Adams, Frank Bertoldi, Reinhold Schaaf, Mark Halpern, Douglas Scott, Galen Marsden, Jack Sayers, Scott Chapman, Joaquin D. Vieira, "SWCam: the short wavelength camera for the CCAT Observatory", Proc. SPIE 9153, Millimeter, Submillimeter, and Far-Infrared Detectors and Instrumentation for Astronomy VII, 91530L (19 August 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2057101; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2057101
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:87297
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:21 Jun 2018 16:02
Last Modified:09 Mar 2020 13:19

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