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Prehnite as an indicator mineral in the Wadi Nasb uralitized gabbro, South Sinai, Egypt

Azer, Mokhles K. and Gahlan, Hisham A. and Asimow, Paul D. and Alfaifi, Hussain J. (2018) Prehnite as an indicator mineral in the Wadi Nasb uralitized gabbro, South Sinai, Egypt. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 160 . pp. 107-117. ISSN 1367-9120. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20180622-104637599

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Abstract

We report the first finding of prehnite in the southern Sinai peninsula, in a uralitized gabbro developed at the contact of the appinitic gabbro of the Wadi Nasb mafic intrusion (WNMI) with younger granitic intrusions. Subsolidus reactions with hydrothermal fluids caused the gabbro to gain Al_2O_3 and CaO while losing SiO_2, Fe_2O_3, TiO_2, P_2O_5, Ba, Nb, Zr and Y. Uralitization proceeded through two stages of alteration and mineral replacement. The early stage includes uralitization of pyroxene, formation of new biotite as aggregates of small flakes, transformation of primary amphiboles into actinolite and actinolitic hornblende, and saussuritization of plagioclase. The late stage of alteration is characterized by chloritization of mafic minerals. Apparent crystallization temperatures of the primary relics of pyroxene, hornblende and biotite range from 800–1000 °C, 865–925 °C, and ∼700 °C, respectively, suggesting partial resetting of the biotite exchange thermometer. The early biotite-forming alteration occurred at moderate temperature (300–450 °C), while the late chlorite-forming alteration occurred at low temperature (<300 °C). The prehnite occurs in several forms: (1) fine grained aggregates mostly replacing feldspar and amphibole; (2) prehnite-biotite intergrowths; and (3) small veinlets and vug fillings. The formation of prehnite during the first stage is connected to alteration of pyroxene to secondary amphiboles and of plagioclase to albite, which released the CaO necessary for the development of prehnite. On the other hand, the late stage prehnite probably formed by open-system modification of the chemistry during late-stage fluid interaction.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jseaes.2018.04.011DOIArticle
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Asimow, Paul D.0000-0001-6025-8925
Additional Information:© 2018 Elsevier Ltd. Received 2 November 2017, Revised 10 April 2018, Accepted 13 April 2018, Available online 14 April 2018.
Subject Keywords:Arabian-Nubian Shield; Sinai; Appinitic gabbro; Uralitization; Prehnite
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20180622-104637599
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20180622-104637599
Official Citation:Mokhles K. Azer, Hisham A. Gahlan, Paul D. Asimow, Hussain J. Alfaifi, Prehnite as an indicator mineral in the Wadi Nasb uralitized gabbro, South Sinai, Egypt, Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, Volume 160, 2018, Pages 107-117, ISSN 1367-9120, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jseaes.2018.04.011. (http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1367912018301330)
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:87323
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:22 Jun 2018 21:44
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 19:54

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