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Methane seepage at Vestnesa Ridge (NW Svalbard) since the Last Glacial Maximum

Schneider, A. and Panieri, G. and Lepland, A. and Consolaro, C. and Crémière, A. and Forwick, M. and Johnson, J. E. and Plaza-Faverola, A. and Sauer, S. and Knies, D. (2018) Methane seepage at Vestnesa Ridge (NW Svalbard) since the Last Glacial Maximum. Quaternary Science Reviews, 193 . pp. 98-117. ISSN 0277-3791. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20180622-110550740

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Abstract

Multiple proxies in the geological record offshore NW Svalbard track shallow subseafloor diagenesis and seafloor methane seepage during the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM) extent and the disintegration of the Svalbard Barents Sea Ice Sheet (SBIS). Vestnesa Ridge, located at 79°N and in 1200 m water depth, is one of the northernmost known active methane seep sites and is characterised by a subseafloor fluid flow system, numerous seafloor pockmarks and gas flares in the water column. In this study, we develop a Late Pleistocene and Holocene stratigraphic framework, use stable oxygen and carbon isotope signatures (δ^(18)O, δ^(13)C) of benthic and planktic foraminifera, the mineralogical and carbon isotope composition of methane-derived authigenic carbonate (MDAC) and sediment geochemical data of ten sediment cores to assess methane seepage variability on Vestnesa Ridge. The studied cores cover the age range between 31.9 and 10 cal ka BP and record 32 negative δ^(13)C excursions in benthic and planktic foraminifera with amplitudes down to −29 ‰ VPDB. These δ^(13)C excursions are often associated with elevated Ca/Ti and Sr/Ti elemental ratios in sediments and MDAC nodules. The precipitation of MDAC overgrowth on foraminiferal tests explains most of the negative δ^(13)C excursions. In this dataset, the oldest recorded methane emission episodes on Vestnesa Ridge occurred between the LGM (24–23.5 cal ka BP) and Heinrich Event 1 (HE 1; 17.7–16.8 cal ka BP). Geological indicators for past subseafloor methane cycling and seafloor methane seepage, such as negative foraminiferal δ13C excursions, MDAC nodules, and elevated Sr/Ti elemental ratios recorded in post-LGM sediments, possibly represent vertical migration of the sulphate-methane transition zone (SMTZ) and post-date sedimentation by up to 13.4 ka. However, it is important to note that indications of post-LGM seafloor methane seepage at Vestnesa Ridge also correspond to the established methane efflux chronology for the adjacent Barents Sea shelf, implying that glacio-isostatic adjustments and associated re-activation of pre-existing deep-seated faults after disintegration of the SBIS are likely important controlling factors on fluid migration towards the seafloor.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2018.06.006DOIArticle
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Crémière, A.0000-0001-7382-2097
Additional Information:© 2018 Elsevier Ltd. Received 18 December 2017, Revised 1 June 2018, Accepted 4 June 2018, Available online 21 June 2018.
Subject Keywords:Micropaleontology; Foraminifers; Stable isotopes; Methane seepage; Authigenic carbonate; Holocene; Pleistocene; Paleogeography; Deglaciation; Arctic Ocean
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20180622-110550740
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20180622-110550740
Official Citation:A. Schneider, G. Panieri, A. Lepland, C. Consolaro, A. Crémière, M. Forwick, J.E. Johnson, A. Plaza-Faverola, S. Sauer, J. Knies, Methane seepage at Vestnesa Ridge (NW Svalbard) since the Last Glacial Maximum, Quaternary Science Reviews, Volume 193, 1 August 2018, Pages 98-117, ISSN 0277-3791, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2018.06.006. (https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0277379117310491)
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:87325
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:22 Jun 2018 21:43
Last Modified:09 Mar 2020 13:18

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