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Controlling rare-earth ions in a nanophotonic resonator using the ac Stark shift

Bartholomew, John G. and Zhong, Tian and Kindem, Jonathan M. and Lopez-Rios, Raymond and Rochman, Jake and Craiciu, Ioana and Miyazono, Evan and Faraon, Andrei (2018) Controlling rare-earth ions in a nanophotonic resonator using the ac Stark shift. Physical Review A, 97 (6). Art. no. 063854. ISSN 2469-9926. doi:10.1103/PhysRevA.97.063854.

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On-chip nanophotonic cavities will advance quantum information science and measurement because they enable efficient interaction between photons and long-lived solid-state spins, such as those associated with rare-earth ions in crystals. The enhanced photon-ion interaction creates new opportunities for all-optical control using the ac Stark shift. Toward this end, we characterize the ac Stark interaction between off-resonant optical fields and Nd^(3+)-ion dopants in a photonic crystal resonator fabricated from yttrium orthovanadate (YVO_4). Using photon echo techniques, at a detuning of 160 MHz we measure a maximum ac Stark shift of 2π × 12.3 MHz per intracavity photon, which is large compared to both the homogeneous linewidth (Γ_h = 84 kHz) and characteristic width of isolated spectral features created through optical pumping (Γ_f ≈ 3 MHz). The photon-ion interaction strength in the device is sufficiently large to control the frequency and phase of the ions for quantum information processing applications. In particular, we discuss and assess the use of the cavity enhanced ac Stark shift to realize all-optical quantum memory and detection protocols. Our results establish the ac Stark shift as a powerful added control in rare-earth ion quantum technologies.

Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription Paper
Bartholomew, John G.0000-0003-0780-2471
Zhong, Tian0000-0003-3884-7453
Kindem, Jonathan M.0000-0002-7737-9368
Craiciu, Ioana0000-0002-8670-0715
Miyazono, Evan0000-0003-2176-0335
Faraon, Andrei0000-0002-8141-391X
Additional Information:© 2018 American Physical Society. (Received 14 February 2018; published 28 June 2018) This work was funded by a National Science Foundation (NSF) Faculty Early Career Development Program (CAREER) award (1454607), the AFOSR Quantum Transduction Multidisciplinary University Research Initiative (FA9550-15-1-002), and the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency Quiness program (W31P4Q-15-1-0012). Equipment funding was also provided by the Institute of Quantum Information and Matter, an NSF Physics Frontiers Center with support from the Moore Foundation. We gratefully acknowledge critical support and infrastructure provided for this work by the Kavli Nanoscience Institute at the California Institute of Technology. J.G.B. acknowledges the support of the American Australian Association's Northrop Grumman Fellowship. The authors also thank Jevon Longdell, Thierry Chanelière, Mikael Afzelius, and Jean Etesse for useful comments and discussions on the manuscript.
Group:Institute for Quantum Information and Matter, Kavli Nanoscience Institute
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Air Force Office of Scientific Research (AFOSR)FA9550-15-1-002
Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA)W31P4Q-15-1-0012
Institute for Quantum Information and Matter (IQIM)UNSPECIFIED
NSF Physics Frontiers CenterUNSPECIFIED
Gordon and Betty Moore FoundationUNSPECIFIED
American Australian AssociationUNSPECIFIED
Issue or Number:6
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20180627-161133893
Persistent URL:
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:87424
Deposited By: George Porter
Deposited On:28 Jun 2018 18:38
Last Modified:15 Nov 2021 20:48

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