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Afterglows of gamma-ray bursts

Kulkarni, S. R. and Berger, E. and Bloom, J. S. and Chaffee, F. and Diercks, A. and Djorgovski, S. G. and Frail, D. A. and Galama, T. J. and Goodrich, R. W. and Harrison, F. A. and Sari, R. and Yost, S. A. (2000) Afterglows of gamma-ray bursts. In: Discoveries and Research Prospects from 8- to 10-Meter-Class Telescopes. Proceedings of SPIE. No.4005. Society of Photo-optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE) , Bellingham, WA, pp. 9-21. ISBN 0819436305.

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Gamma-ray burst astronomy has undergone a revolution in the last three years, spurred by the discover of fading long- wavelength counterparts. We now know that at least the long duration GRBs lie at cosmological distances with estimated electromagnetic energy release of 10^(51)-10^(53) erg, making these the brightest explosions in the Universe. In this article we review the current observational state of the long-lived 'afterglow' emission that accompanies GRBs at X-ray, optical, and radio afterglow wavelengths. We then discuss the insights these observations have given to the progenitor population, the energetics of the GRB events, and the physics of the afterglow emission. We focus particular attention on the evidence linking GRBs to the explosion of massive stars. Throughout, we identify remaining puzzles and uncertainties, and emphasize promising observations tools for addressing them. The imminent launch of HETE-2, the increasingly sophisticated and coordinated ground-based and space-based observations, and the increasing availability of 10-m class optical telescopes have primed this field for fantastic growth.

Item Type:Book Section
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
Kulkarni, S. R.0000-0001-5390-8563
Berger, E.0000-0002-9392-9681
Bloom, J. S.0000-0002-7777-216X
Djorgovski, S. G.0000-0002-0603-3087
Harrison, F. A.0000-0003-2992-8024
Sari, R.0000-0002-1084-3656
Additional Information:© 2000 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Our research is supported by NASA and NSF. JSB thanks the Fannie & John Hertz Foundation for their generous support, AD holds a Millikan Postdoctoral Fellowship in Experimental Physics, TJG holds a Fairchild Foundation Postdoctoral Fellowship in Observational Astronomy and RS holds Fairchild Foundation Senior Fellowship in Theoretical Astrophysics. The VLA is a facility of the National Science Foundation operated under cooperative agreement by Associated Universities, Inc. The W. M. Keck Observatory is operated by the California Association for Research in Astronomy, a scientific partnership among California Institute of Technology, the University of California and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. It was made possible by the generous financial support of the W. M. Keck Foundation.
Group:Space Radiation Laboratory
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Fannie and John Hertz FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Robert A. Millikan FellowshipUNSPECIFIED
Sherman Fairchild FoundationUNSPECIFIED
W. M. Keck FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Series Name:Proceedings of SPIE
Issue or Number:4005
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20180629-132701664
Persistent URL:
Official Citation:Shrinivas R. Kulkarni, Edo Berger, Joshua Simon Bloom, Frederic H. Chaffee, Alan H. Diercks, S. George Djorgovski, Dale A. Frail, Titus J. Galama, Robert Goodrich, Fiona A. Harrison, Re'em Sari, S. A. Yost, "Afterglows of gamma-ray bursts", Proc. SPIE 4005, Discoveries and Research Prospects from 8- to 10-Meter-Class Telescopes, (29 June 2000); doi: 10.1117/12.390135;
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:87477
Deposited By: George Porter
Deposited On:29 Jun 2018 22:50
Last Modified:15 Nov 2021 20:48

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