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An Upper Limit on the Linear Polarization Fraction of the GW170817 Radio Continuum

Corsi, Alessandra and Hallinan, Gregg W. and Lazzati, Davide and Mooley, Kunal P. and Murphy, Eric J. and Frail, Dale A. and Carbone, Dario and Kaplan, David L. and Murphy, Tara and Kulkarni, Shrinivas R. and Hotokezaka, Kenta (2018) An Upper Limit on the Linear Polarization Fraction of the GW170817 Radio Continuum. Astrophysical Journal Letters, 861 (1). Art. No. L10. ISSN 2041-8205. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20180703-144336173

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Abstract

We present late-time radio observations of GW170817, the first binary neutron-star (NS) merger discovered through gravitational waves (GWs) by the advanced Laser Interferometer Gravitational-wave Observatory (LIGO) and Virgo detectors. Our observations, carried out with the Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array (VLA), were optimized to detect polarized radio emission, and thus to constrain the linear polarization fraction of GW170817. At an epoch of ≈244 days after the merger, we rule out linearly polarized emission above a fraction of ≈12% at a frequency of 2.8 GHz (99% confidence). Within the structured jet scenario (a.k.a. successful jet plus cocoon system) for GW170817, the derived upper limit on the radio continuum linear polarization fraction strongly constrains the magnetic field configuration in the shocked ejecta. We show that our results for GW170817 are compatible with the low level of linear polarization found in afterglows of cosmological long γ-ray bursts (GRBs). Finally, we discuss our findings in the context of future expectations for the study of radio counterparts of binary NS mergers identified by ground-based GW detectors.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
https://doi.org/10.3847/2041-8213/aacdfdDOIArticle
http://arxiv.org/abs/1806.03136arXivDiscussion Paper
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Corsi, Alessandra0000-0001-8104-3536
Hallinan, Gregg W.0000-0002-7083-4049
Lazzati, Davide0000-0002-9190-662X
Mooley, Kunal P.0000-0002-2557-5180
Murphy, Eric J.0000-0001-7089-7325
Carbone, Dario0000-0002-6575-4642
Kaplan, David L.0000-0001-6295-2881
Murphy, Tara0000-0002-2686-438X
Kulkarni, Shrinivas R.0000-0001-5390-8563
Hotokezaka, Kenta0000-0002-2502-3730
Additional Information:© 2018. The American Astronomical Society. Received 2018 June 8; accepted 2018 June 19; published 2018 July 3. The National Radio Astronomy Observatory is a facility of the National Science Foundation operated under cooperative agreement by Associated Universities, Inc. We thank the VLA director's office and schedsoc for approving and promptly executing the observations presented in this study. A.C. and D.C. acknowledge support from the National Science Foundation (NSF) CAREER award #1455090. A.C. thanks Drew Medlin and Jose Salcido for helpful discussions on the VLA automated calibration pipeline, and on polarization calibration in CASA. A.C. is grateful to Roger Blandford for suggesting to carry out radio polarization observations of GW170817 in the radio. A.C. also acknowledges participation in the GROWTH (Global Relay of Observatories Watching Transients Happen) project (National Science Foundation PIRE grant No. 1545949). D.K. was additionally supported by NSF grant AST-1412421. D.L. acknowledges support form the NASA ATP grant NNX17AK42G. K.P.M. is currently a Jansky Fellow of the National Radio Astronomy Observatory.
Group:Astronomy Department
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
NSFAST-1455090
NSFOISE-1545949
NSFAST-1412421
NASANNX17AK42G
National Radio Astronomy ObservatoryUNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:gravitational waves; polarization; stars: neutron
Issue or Number:1
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20180703-144336173
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20180703-144336173
Official Citation:Alessandra Corsi et al 2018 ApJL 861 L10
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:87540
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: George Porter
Deposited On:05 Jul 2018 13:58
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 19:57

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