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Characterization of ^(171)Yb^(3+):YVO_4 for photonic quantum technologies

Kindem, Jonathan M. and Bartholomew, John G. and Woodburn, Philip J. T. and Zhong, Tian and Craiciu, Ioana and Cone, Rufus L. and Thiel, Charles W. and Faraon, Andrei (2018) Characterization of ^(171)Yb^(3+):YVO_4 for photonic quantum technologies. Physical Review B, 98 (2). Art. No. 024404. ISSN 2469-9950. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.98.024404.

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Rare-earth ions in crystals are a proven solid-state platform for quantum technologies in the ensemble regime and attractive for new opportunities at the single-ion level. Among the trivalent rare earths, ^(171)Yb^(3+) is unique in that it possesses a single 4f excited-state manifold and is the only paramagnetic isotope with a nuclear spin of 1/2. In this work, we present measurements of the optical and spin properties of ^(171)Yb^(3+):YVO_4 to assess whether this distinct energy-level structure can be harnessed for quantum interfaces. The material was found to possess large optical absorption compared to other rare-earth-doped crystals owing to the combination of narrow inhomogeneous broadening and a large transition oscillator strength. In moderate magnetic fields, we measure optical linewidths less than 3 kHz and nuclear spin linewidths less than 50 Hz. We characterize the excited-state hyperfine and Zeeman interactions in this system, which enables the engineering of a Λ system and demonstration of all-optical coherent control over the nuclear-spin ensemble. Given these properties, ^(171)Yb^(3+):YVO_4 has significant potential for building quantum interfaces such as ensemble-based memories, microwave-to-optical transducers, and optically addressable single rare-earth-ion spin qubits.

Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription Paper
Kindem, Jonathan M.0000-0002-7737-9368
Bartholomew, John G.0000-0003-0780-2471
Zhong, Tian0000-0003-3884-7453
Craiciu, Ioana0000-0002-8670-0715
Faraon, Andrei0000-0002-8141-391X
Alternate Title:Characterization of 171 Yb 3 + : YVO 4 for photonic quantum technologies
Additional Information:© 2018 American Physical Society. (Received 2 May 2018; published 5 July 2018) This work was funded by Office of Naval Research Young Investigator Award No. N00014-16-1-2676, Northrop Grumman, Montana Research, and Economic Development Initiative, and the National Science Foundation under Grants No. PHY-1415628 and No. CHE-1416454. J.G.B. acknowledges the support of the American Australian Association’s Northrop Grumman Fellowship. J.M.K. and J.G.B would like to thank R. L. Cone, C. W. Thiel, and P. J. T. Woodburn for their hospitality throughout the trip toBozeman duringwhich part of thisworkedwas performed.Wewould also like to acknowledge the expertise of Dr. Y. Guan who was essential support for the SIMS analysis of the samples, and Dr. P. Oyala who assisted with preliminary bulk EPR measurements of this material.
Group:Kavli Nanoscience Institute, Institute for Quantum Information and Matter
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Office of Naval Research (ONR)N00014-16-1-2676
Northrop Grumman CorporationUNSPECIFIED
Montana Research and Economic Development InitiativeUNSPECIFIED
American Australian AssociationUNSPECIFIED
Issue or Number:2
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20180705-152507349
Persistent URL:
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:87571
Deposited By: George Porter
Deposited On:06 Jul 2018 14:21
Last Modified:15 Nov 2021 20:49

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